Phytophagous stink bugs typically harbor nutritional symbiotic bacteria in their midgut, to integrate their unbalanced diet. In the Pentatomidae, most symbionts are affiliated to the genus Pantoea, and are polyphyletic. This suggests a scenario of an ancestral establishment of symbiosis, followed by multiple symbiont replacement events by akin environmental bacteria in different host lineages. In this study, a novel Pantoeaspecies (‘CandidatusPantoea persica’) was characterized from the gut of the pentatomid Acrosternum arabicum, and shown to be highly abundant in a specific portion of the gut and necessary for the host development. The genome of the symbiont (2.9 Mb), while presenting putative host-supportive metabolic pathways, including those for amino acids and vitamin synthesis, showed a high level of pseudogenization, indicating ongoing genome reduction. Comparative analyses with other free-living and symbiotic Pantoea highlighted a convergent pattern of genome reduction in symbionts of pentatomids, putatively following the typical phases modelized in obligate nutritional symbionts of insects. Additionally, this system has distinctive traits, as hosts are closely related, and symbionts originated multiple independent times from closely related free-living bacteria, displaying convergent and independent conspicuous genome reduction. Due to such peculiarities, this may become an ideal model to study genome evolutionary processes in insect symbionts.

Characterization of a novel Pantoea symbiont allows inference of a pattern of convergent genome reduction in bacteria associated with Pentatomidae / M. Kashkouli, M. Castelli, A.M. Floriano, C. Bandi, S. Epis, Y. Fathipour, M. Mehrabadi, D. Sassera. - In: ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY. - ISSN 1462-2912. - (2020). [Epub ahead of print] [10.1111/1462-2920.15169]

Characterization of a novel Pantoea symbiont allows inference of a pattern of convergent genome reduction in bacteria associated with Pentatomidae

Castelli M.;Bandi C.;Epis S.;
2020

Abstract

Phytophagous stink bugs typically harbor nutritional symbiotic bacteria in their midgut, to integrate their unbalanced diet. In the Pentatomidae, most symbionts are affiliated to the genus Pantoea, and are polyphyletic. This suggests a scenario of an ancestral establishment of symbiosis, followed by multiple symbiont replacement events by akin environmental bacteria in different host lineages. In this study, a novel Pantoeaspecies (‘CandidatusPantoea persica’) was characterized from the gut of the pentatomid Acrosternum arabicum, and shown to be highly abundant in a specific portion of the gut and necessary for the host development. The genome of the symbiont (2.9 Mb), while presenting putative host-supportive metabolic pathways, including those for amino acids and vitamin synthesis, showed a high level of pseudogenization, indicating ongoing genome reduction. Comparative analyses with other free-living and symbiotic Pantoea highlighted a convergent pattern of genome reduction in symbionts of pentatomids, putatively following the typical phases modelized in obligate nutritional symbionts of insects. Additionally, this system has distinctive traits, as hosts are closely related, and symbionts originated multiple independent times from closely related free-living bacteria, displaying convergent and independent conspicuous genome reduction. Due to such peculiarities, this may become an ideal model to study genome evolutionary processes in insect symbionts.
Settore BIO/19 - Microbiologia Generale
20-lug-2020
ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/797213
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