The role of extra-cranial injury burden and systemic injury response on cerebrovascular response in traumatic brain injury (TBI) is poorly documented. This study preliminarily assesses the association between admission features of extra-cranial injury burden on cerebrovascular reactivity. Using the Collaborative European Neurotrauma Effectiveness Research in TBI High-Resolution ICU (HR ICU) sub-study cohort, we evaluated those patients with both archived high-frequency digital intra-parenchymal intra-cranial pressure monitoring data of a minimum of 6 h in duration, and the presence of a digital copy of their admission computed tomography (CT) scan. Digital physiologic signals were processed for pressure reactivity index (PRx) and both the percent time above defined PRx thresholds and mean hourly dose above threshold. This was conducted for both the first 72 h and entire duration of recording. Admission extra-cranial injury characteristics and CT injury scores were obtained from the database, with quantitative contusion, edema, intraventricular hemorrhage, and extra-axial lesion volumes were obtained via semi-automated segmentation. Comparison between admission extra-cranial markers of injury and PRx metrics was conducted using Mann-Whitney U testing, and logistic regression techniques, adjusting for known CT injury metrics associated with impaired PRx. A total of 165 patients were included. Evaluating the entire ICU recording period, there was limited association between metrics of extra-cranial injury burden and impaired cerebrovascular reactivity. Using the first 72 h of recording, admission temperature (p = 0.042) and white blood cell % (WBC %; p = 0.013) were statistically associated with impaired cerebrovascular reactivity on Mann-Whitney U and univariate logistic regression. After adjustment for admission age, pupillary status, GCS motor score, pre-hospital hypoxia/hypotension, and intra-cranial CT characteristics associated with impaired reactivity, temperature (p = 0.021) and WBC % (p = 0.013) remained significantly associated with mean PRx values above +0.25 and +0.35, respectively. Markers of extra-cranial injury burden and systemic injury response do not appear to be strongly associated with impaired cerebrovascular reactivity in TBI during both the initial and entire ICU stay.

Systemic Markers of Injury and Injury Response are not Associated with Impaired Cerebrovascular Reactivity in Adult TBI: A CENTER-TBI Study / F.A. Zeiler, F. Mathieu, M.A.B. Monteiro, B. Glocker, A. Ercole, M. Cabeleira, N. Stocchetti, P. Smieleweski, M. Czosnyka, V. Newcombe, D. Menon. - In: JOURNAL OF NEUROTRAUMA. - ISSN 0897-7151. - 38:7(2021 Apr 01), pp. 870-878. [10.1089/neu.2020.7304]

Systemic Markers of Injury and Injury Response are not Associated with Impaired Cerebrovascular Reactivity in Adult TBI: A CENTER-TBI Study

N. Stocchetti;
2021-04-01

Abstract

The role of extra-cranial injury burden and systemic injury response on cerebrovascular response in traumatic brain injury (TBI) is poorly documented. This study preliminarily assesses the association between admission features of extra-cranial injury burden on cerebrovascular reactivity. Using the Collaborative European Neurotrauma Effectiveness Research in TBI High-Resolution ICU (HR ICU) sub-study cohort, we evaluated those patients with both archived high-frequency digital intra-parenchymal intra-cranial pressure monitoring data of a minimum of 6 h in duration, and the presence of a digital copy of their admission computed tomography (CT) scan. Digital physiologic signals were processed for pressure reactivity index (PRx) and both the percent time above defined PRx thresholds and mean hourly dose above threshold. This was conducted for both the first 72 h and entire duration of recording. Admission extra-cranial injury characteristics and CT injury scores were obtained from the database, with quantitative contusion, edema, intraventricular hemorrhage, and extra-axial lesion volumes were obtained via semi-automated segmentation. Comparison between admission extra-cranial markers of injury and PRx metrics was conducted using Mann-Whitney U testing, and logistic regression techniques, adjusting for known CT injury metrics associated with impaired PRx. A total of 165 patients were included. Evaluating the entire ICU recording period, there was limited association between metrics of extra-cranial injury burden and impaired cerebrovascular reactivity. Using the first 72 h of recording, admission temperature (p = 0.042) and white blood cell % (WBC %; p = 0.013) were statistically associated with impaired cerebrovascular reactivity on Mann-Whitney U and univariate logistic regression. After adjustment for admission age, pupillary status, GCS motor score, pre-hospital hypoxia/hypotension, and intra-cranial CT characteristics associated with impaired reactivity, temperature (p = 0.021) and WBC % (p = 0.013) remained significantly associated with mean PRx values above +0.25 and +0.35, respectively. Markers of extra-cranial injury burden and systemic injury response do not appear to be strongly associated with impaired cerebrovascular reactivity in TBI during both the initial and entire ICU stay.
autoregulation; cerebrovascular reactivity; extra-cranial injury; injury burden; TBI adult brain injury; cbf autoregulation; head trauma; traumatic brain injury;
Settore MED/41 - Anestesiologia
dic-2020
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
3.pdf

accesso riservato

Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 241.78 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
241.78 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
305.pdf

embargo fino al 01/12/2021

Tipologia: Post-print, accepted manuscript ecc. (versione accettata dall'editore)
Dimensione 954.01 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
954.01 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/780499
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 2
social impact