Social interaction in individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is characterized by qualitative impairments that highly impact quality of life. Bayesian theories in ASD frame an understanding of underlying mechanisms suggesting atypicalities in the evaluation of probabilistic links within the perceptual environment of the affected individual. To address these theories, the present study explores the applicability of an innovative Bayesian framework on social visual perception in ASD and demonstrates the use of gaze transitions between different parts of social scenes. We applied advanced analyses with Bayesian Hidden Markov Modeling (BHMM) to track gaze movements while presenting real-life scenes to typically developing (TD) children and adolescents (N = 25) and participants with ASD and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ASD+ADHD, N = 15) and ASD without comorbidity (ASD, N = 12). Regions of interest (ROIs) were generated by BHMM based both on spatial and temporal gaze behavior. Social visual perception was compared between groups using transition and fixation variables for social (faces, bodies) and non-social ROIs. Transition variables between faces, namely gaze transitions between faces and likelihood of linking faces, were reduced in the ASD+ADHD compared to TD participants. Fixation count to faces was also reduced in this group. The ASD group showed similar performance to TD in the studied variables. There was no difference between groups for non-social ROIs. Our study provides an innovative, interpretable example of applying Bayesian theories of social visual perception in ASD. BHMM analyses and gaze transitions have the potential to reveal fundamental social perception components in ASD, contributing thus to amelioration of social-skill interventions.
Social Visual Perception Under the Eye of Bayesian Theories in Autism Spectrum Disorder Using Advanced Modeling of Spatial and Temporal Parameters / C. Ioannou, D. Seernani, M.E. Stefanou, M. Biscaldi-Schaefer, L. Tebartz Van Elst, C. Fleischhaker, G. Boccignone, C. Klein. - In: FRONTIERS IN PSYCHIATRY. - ISSN 1664-0640. - 11(2020 Sep 23).
|Titolo:||Social Visual Perception Under the Eye of Bayesian Theories in Autism Spectrum Disorder Using Advanced Modeling of Spatial and Temporal Parameters|
BOCCIGNONE, GIUSEPPE (Penultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||advanced analysis; autism spectrum disorder (ASD); Bayesian theories; eye movements (EM); hidden Markov models (HMM); social perception;|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore ING-INF/05 - Sistemi di Elaborazione delle Informazioni|
Settore MED/25 - Psichiatria
|Data di pubblicazione:||23-set-2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2020.585149|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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