The Pialli Level in the Umbria-Marche Basin (central Italy) correlates with the lowermost part of the positive carbon isotopic excursion characterizing the late Albian–early Cenomanian Oceanic Anoxic Event 1d (OAE 1d). High-resolution litho-, bio- and chemostratigraphic data from the Monte Petrano and Le Brecce sections allow for a bed-by-bed comparison of the two successions, and discriminate local from basin-scale signals. We present new X-ray fluorescence, ICP-MS and TOC data for both the limestones and the Pialli Level shales integrated with available carbonate carbon isotopes and nannofossil temperature and nutrient indices. Data indicate a homogenous background sedimentation dominated by pelagic carbonates, biogenic silica with little contribution by clays. The limited variation in lithogenic elements points to an essentially homogeneous detrital source area with limited fluvial terrigenous input. Higher Mn concentrations coupled with low enrichments in redox-sensitive elements, such as U, Fe, S, Re, Mo, Ag, suggest that the Pialli Level shales represent temporary suboxia without reaching anoxia. Furthermore, P, authigenic Ba, Cd and Ni enrichments, together with nannofossil nutrient index indicate generally low primary productivity conditions along the entire succession, with only minor increases for some of the black-to-dark grey shales of the Pialli Level. The nannofossil temperature index highlights a warm climate during the OAE 1d, with the warmest conditions experienced during the deposition of the Pialli Level shales. During the late Albian, the warm and humid climate was interrupted by brief episodes of relatively warmer and less saline surface waters ensuring slower rates of bottom water renewal and producing temporary suboxic conditions. Such paleoceanographic dynamics would be the continuation of episodic warmer and humid pulses characterizing the late Albian interval in the Umbria-Marche Basin. As such, the Pialli Level can be considered the result of a last episode closing a cycle before the establishment of a steadier climate during the early Cenomanian.
Major and trace element characterization of Oceanic Anoxic Event 1d (OAE 1d) in the western Tethys / G. Gambacorta, C. Bottini, H.J. Brumsack, B. Schnetger, E. Erba. - In: CHEMICAL GEOLOGY. - ISSN 0009-2541. - 557(2020 Dec 20), pp. 119834.1-119834.19.
|Titolo:||Major and trace element characterization of Oceanic Anoxic Event 1d (OAE 1d) in the western Tethys|
GAMBACORTA, GABRIELE (Primo) [Conceptualization] (Corresponding)
BOTTINI, CINZIA (Secondo)
ERBA, ELISABETTA (Ultimo) [Funding Acquisition]
|Parole Chiave:||Albian; Cretaceous; Dysoxia; Calcareous nannofossils; Pialli Level; Trace metals|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore GEO/02 - Geologia Stratigrafica e Sedimentologica|
Settore GEO/01 - Paleontologia e Paleoecologia
|Data di pubblicazione:||20-dic-2020|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||28-ago-2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2020.119834|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|