FSH-FSHR interaction is critical for folliculogenesis, spermatogenesis and progression of several cancers. Therefore, FSHR is an attractive target for fertility regulation and cancer therapeutics. Based on homology and structural analysis of hFSH-FSHR(ECD) complex, a minimal continuous stretch within FSHβ seat-belt loop (FSHβ (89-97)) was identified to be crucial for FSHR interaction. The ability of FSHβ (89-97) peptide to neutralize FSHR activity was evaluated by a panel of in vitro and in vivo experiments. The synthetic peptide significantly inhibited binding of [125I]-FSH to rat Fshr as well as FSH-induced cAMP production. In immature rats, FSHβ (89-97) peptide administration reduced FSH-mediated increase in ovarian weight. The peptide inhibited transition of follicles from pre-antral to antral stage and hindered the cell cycle progression of granulosa cells beyond G0/G1 phase. In adult rats, administration of the peptide inhibited estradiol synthesis and significantly perturbed folliculogenesis.
Identification and in vivo validation of a 9-mer peptide derived from FSHβ with FSHR antagonist activity / K.S. Prabhudesai, S. Raje, A. Dhamanaskar, D. Modi, V. Dighe, A. Contini, S. Idicula-Thomas. - In: PEPTIDES. - ISSN 0196-9781. - 132(2020 Oct).
|Titolo:||Identification and in vivo validation of a 9-mer peptide derived from FSHβ with FSHR antagonist activity|
CONTINI, ALESSANDRO (Penultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH); Folliculogenesis; FSHR antagonist; MD simulation; Ovary|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/06 - Chimica Organica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||ott-2020|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||6-lug-2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.peptides.2020.170367|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|