The objective of this study was to determine the circulating microRNA (miRNA) profile in over-conditioned (HBCS) versus normal-conditioned (NBCS) dairy cows in combination with pathway enrichment analyses during the transition period. Thirty-eight multiparous Holstein cows were selected 15 wk before anticipated calving date based on their current and previous body condition scores (BCS) for forming either a HBCS group (n = 19) or a NBCS group (n = 19). They were fed different diets during late lactation to reach the targeted differences in BCS and backfat thickness until dry-off. A subset of 15 animals per group was selected based on their circulating concentrations of nonesterified fatty acids (on d 14 postpartum) and β-hydroxybutyrate (on d 21 postpartum), representing the greater or the lower extreme values within their BCS group. Blood serum obtained at d −49 and 21 relative to parturition (3 pools with 5 cows per each group and time point) were used to identify miRNA that were differentially expressed (DE) between groups or time points using miRNA sequencing. No DE-miRNA were discovered between NBCS versus HBCS. Comparing pooled samples from d −49 and d 21 resulted in 7 DE-miRNA in the NBCS group, of which 5 miRNA were downregulated and 2 miRNA were overexpressed on d 21 versus −49. The abundance of 5 of these DE-miRNA was validated in all individual samples via quantitative PCR and extended to additional time points (d −7, 3, 84). Group differences were observed for miR-148a, miR-122 as well as miR-455-5p, and most DE-miRNA (miR-148a, miR-122, miR-30a, miR-450b, miR-455-5p) were downregulated directly after calving. Subsequently, the DE-miRNA was used for bioinformatics analysis to identify putative target genes and the most enriched biological pathways. The most significantly enriched pathways of DE-miRNA were associated with cell cycle and insulin signaling as well as glucose and lipid metabolism. Overall, we found little differences in circulating miRNA in HBCS versus NBCS cows around calving.
Profiling of circulating microRNA and pathway analysis in normal- versus over-conditioned dairy cows during the dry period and early lactation / L.A. Webb, M.H. Ghaffari, H. Sadri, K. Schuh, V. Zamarian, C. Koch, N. Trakooljul, K. Wimmers, C. Lecchi, F. Ceciliani, H. Sauerwein. - In: JOURNAL OF DAIRY SCIENCE. - ISSN 0022-0302. - 103:10(2020).
|Titolo:||Profiling of circulating microRNA and pathway analysis in normal- versus over-conditioned dairy cows during the dry period and early lactation|
|Parole Chiave:||body condition; bioinformatics; microRNA; transition cows;|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/03 - Patologia Generale e Anatomia Patologica Veterinaria|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||20-ago-2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3168/jds.2020-18283|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|