Automatic detection of atrial fibrillation (AF) is a challenging issue. In this study we proposed and validated a model to identify AF by using facial video recordings. We analyzed photoplethysmographic imaging (PPGi) signals, extracted from video of a subject's face. Sixty-eight patients were included: 30 in sinus rhythm (SR), 25 in AF and 13 presenting with atrial flutter or frequent ectopic beats (ARR). Twenty-six indexes were computed. The dataset was divided in three subsets: the training, validation, and test set, containing, respectively, 58, 29, and 13% of the data. Mean of inter-systolic interval series (M), Local Maxima Similarity (LMS), and pulse harmonic strength (PHS) indexes were significantly different among all groups. Variability and irregularity parameters had the lowest values in SR, the highest in AF, with intermediate values in ARR. The PHS was higher in SR than in ARR, and higher in ARR than in AF. The LMS index was the highest in SR, intermediate in ARR and the lowest in AF. Similarity indexes were higher in SR than in AF and ARR. A model with three features, namely M, Similarity1 and LMS was chosen. With this model, the accuracy for the validation set was 0.947±0.007 for SR, 0.954±0.004 for AF and 0.919±0.006 for ARR; for the test set (never-seen data), accuracy was 0.876±0.021 for SR, 0.870±0.030 for AF and 0.863±0.029 for ARR. A contactless video-based monitoring can be used to detect AF, differentiating it from SR and from frequent ectopies.

A simple model to detect atrial fibrillation via visual imaging / V.D.A. Corino, L. Iozzia, G. Scarpini, L.T. Mainardi, F. Lombardi. - In: BIOMEDIZINISCHE TECHNIK. - ISSN 1862-278X. - (2020). [Epub ahead of print] [10.1515/bmt-2019-0153]

A simple model to detect atrial fibrillation via visual imaging

G. Scarpini;F. Lombardi
2020

Abstract

Automatic detection of atrial fibrillation (AF) is a challenging issue. In this study we proposed and validated a model to identify AF by using facial video recordings. We analyzed photoplethysmographic imaging (PPGi) signals, extracted from video of a subject's face. Sixty-eight patients were included: 30 in sinus rhythm (SR), 25 in AF and 13 presenting with atrial flutter or frequent ectopic beats (ARR). Twenty-six indexes were computed. The dataset was divided in three subsets: the training, validation, and test set, containing, respectively, 58, 29, and 13% of the data. Mean of inter-systolic interval series (M), Local Maxima Similarity (LMS), and pulse harmonic strength (PHS) indexes were significantly different among all groups. Variability and irregularity parameters had the lowest values in SR, the highest in AF, with intermediate values in ARR. The PHS was higher in SR than in ARR, and higher in ARR than in AF. The LMS index was the highest in SR, intermediate in ARR and the lowest in AF. Similarity indexes were higher in SR than in AF and ARR. A model with three features, namely M, Similarity1 and LMS was chosen. With this model, the accuracy for the validation set was 0.947±0.007 for SR, 0.954±0.004 for AF and 0.919±0.006 for ARR; for the test set (never-seen data), accuracy was 0.876±0.021 for SR, 0.870±0.030 for AF and 0.863±0.029 for ARR. A contactless video-based monitoring can be used to detect AF, differentiating it from SR and from frequent ectopies.
atrial fibrillation; camera; monitoring; photoplethysmographic signal; screening
Settore MED/11 - Malattie dell'Apparato Cardiovascolare
13-lug-2020
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/752158
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