The aim of this observational retrospective study was to qualitatively and quantitatively evaluate the symmetry of atherosclerotic plaques in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) undergoing contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography of lower limbs. We retrospectively evaluated the peripheral magnetic resonance angiography of 82 patients considering the iliac, femoral and tibial arteries. Stenosis was scored 0 (none), 1 (<50%), 2 (50%-74%), 3 (75%-99%), and 4 (occluded). Symmetry was quantified as the percentage of bilaterally-diseased arteries and using the inter-leg absolute score difference (0-4). Signs test and Cohen κ were also calculated. Seventy-one (87%) patients had ≥1 bilaterally-diseased artery, and 168 (20%) of 820 artery pairs were bilaterally affected. At least 1 bilateral stenosis was observed from 11% (right internal iliac) to 73% (right superficial femoral). All 10 arteries showed symmetry, none of the inter-leg comparisons being significantly different (P ≥ .100). Cohen κ ranged from 0.208 (common femoral) to 0.533 (internal iliac). This study showed that PAD was symmetrically distributed between the 2 legs, with the internal iliac artery being the most symmetric segment. Symmetry of PAD was quantified in 20%.
Peripheral artery disease: how much inter-leg symmetry? A contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography study / F. Secchi, G. Di Leo, A. Delnevo, M. Alì, I.D. D'Angelo, V.G. Nardella, F. Sardanelli. - In: MEDICINE. - ISSN 0025-7974. - 99:16(2020 Apr), pp. e19637.1-e19637.5.
|Titolo:||Peripheral artery disease: how much inter-leg symmetry? A contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography study|
SECCHI, FRANCESCO (Primo)
ALI', MARCO (Corresponding)
SARDANELLI, FRANCESCO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Contrast Media; Female; Femoral Artery; Humans; Iliac Artery; Lower Extremity; Magnetic Resonance Angiography; Male; Middle Aged; Peripheral Arterial Disease; Retrospective Studies; Tibial Arteries|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/36 - Diagnostica per Immagini e Radioterapia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||apr-2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000019637|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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