Although the literature demonstrates that cardiac autonomic control (CAC) might be impaired in patients with chronic pulmonary diseases, the interplay between CAC and disease severity in end-stage lung disease has not been studied yet. We investigated the effects of end-stage lung disease on CAC through the analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) among patients awaiting lung transplantation. Forty-nine patients on the waiting list for lung transplantation (LTx; 19 men, age 38 ± 15 years) and 49 healthy non-smoking controls (HC; 22 men, age 40 ± 16 years) were enrolled in a case-control study at Policlinico Hospital in Milan, Italy. LTx patients were divided into two groups, according to disease severity evaluated by the Lung Allocation Score (LAS). To assess CAC, electrocardiogram (ECG) and respiration were recorded at rest for 10 min in supine position and for 10 min during active standing. Spectral analysis identified low and high frequencies (LF, sympathetic, and HF, vagal). Symbolic analysis identified three patterns, i.e., 0V% (sympathetic) and 2UV% and 2LV% (vagal). Compared to HCs, LTx patients showed higher markers of sympathetic modulation and lower markers of vagal modulation. However, more severely affected LTx patients, compared to less severely affected ones, showed an autonomic profile characterized by loss of sympathetic modulation and predominant vagal modulation. This pattern can be due to a loss of sympathetic rhythmic oscillation and a subsequent prevalent respiratory modulation of heart rate in severely affected patients.
Sympatho-Vagal Dysfunction in Patients with End-Stage Lung Disease Awaiting Lung Transplantation / E. Tobaldini, G. D Rodrigues, G. Mantoan, A. Monti, G. Coti Zelati, C. Cirelli, P. Tarsia, L.C. Morlacchi, V. Rossetti, I. Righi, M. Nosotti, P.P. da S Soares, N. Montano, S. Aliberti, F. Blasi. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 2077-0383. - 9:4(2020 Apr 17).
|Titolo:||Sympatho-Vagal Dysfunction in Patients with End-Stage Lung Disease Awaiting Lung Transplantation|
TOBALDINI, ELEONORA (Primo)
MONTANO, NICOLA (Corresponding)
ALIBERTI, STEFANO (Penultimo)
BLASI, FRANCESCO BRUNO ARTURO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||autonomic nervous system; cardiac autonomic control; cardiac autonomic dysfunction; heart rate variability; lung transplantation; spectral analysis; symbolic analysis|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/10 - Malattie dell'Apparato Respiratorio|
Settore MED/21 - Chirurgia Toracica
|Data di pubblicazione:||17-apr-2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm9041146|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|