From an economic point of view, Bovidae represent the most important family of the Ruminantia suborder. Thus, the mitochondrial and nuclear genomes of Bos taurus were among the first genomes to be sequenced after the sequencing of the human genomes. Over the millennia, the evolution of the genomes of the 3 main species belonging to the Bovidae family - B. taurus (BTA), Ovis aries (OAR), and Capra hircus (CHI) - has led to few chromosome rearrangements. Certainly, the availability and free access to the animal genomes significantly contributed to the improvement of animal genetics; however, some errors may exist due to the high automation in the genomic assembly construction process. In this work, some differences between the genomes of cattle, goat, and sheep highlighted by bioinformatics analysis have been verified by FISH, confirming that some errors persist even in the most recent genome assemblies. This type of approach has allowed us to detect a misassembly of a region belonging to BTA16 and to the homologues OAR12 and CHI16, a misassembly of a short tract in BTA22, OAR19, and CHI22, an incorrect mapping of a region of BTA21 and of CHI27 and OAR26, a discrepancy in the BTA26, OAR22, and CHI26 assemblies, a missed inversion in CHI1 compared to BTA1 and OAR1, and the exact assembly of a region of about 7 Mb in OAR10 and CHI12. Incorrect positioning of genomic tracts can cause unintended consequences in genetic analyses, especially when the data represent a starting point for the construction of genetic tools. In the new genomic assemblies published after the conclusion of our experiments, however, the accuracy in the construction of animal assemblies has been much improved, even if the new assemblies present more extended unmapped portions than the previous versions. The gap could be filled by comparative analyses between similar species or FISH.

Identification of Some Errors in the Genome Assembly of Bovidae by FISH / L. De Lorenzi, P. Parma. - In: CYTOGENETIC AND GENOME RESEARCH. - ISSN 1424-8581. - 160:2(2020 Apr 02), pp. 85-93. [10.1159/000506221]

Identification of Some Errors in the Genome Assembly of Bovidae by FISH

L. De Lorenzi
Primo
;
P. Parma
Ultimo
2020-04-02

Abstract

From an economic point of view, Bovidae represent the most important family of the Ruminantia suborder. Thus, the mitochondrial and nuclear genomes of Bos taurus were among the first genomes to be sequenced after the sequencing of the human genomes. Over the millennia, the evolution of the genomes of the 3 main species belonging to the Bovidae family - B. taurus (BTA), Ovis aries (OAR), and Capra hircus (CHI) - has led to few chromosome rearrangements. Certainly, the availability and free access to the animal genomes significantly contributed to the improvement of animal genetics; however, some errors may exist due to the high automation in the genomic assembly construction process. In this work, some differences between the genomes of cattle, goat, and sheep highlighted by bioinformatics analysis have been verified by FISH, confirming that some errors persist even in the most recent genome assemblies. This type of approach has allowed us to detect a misassembly of a region belonging to BTA16 and to the homologues OAR12 and CHI16, a misassembly of a short tract in BTA22, OAR19, and CHI22, an incorrect mapping of a region of BTA21 and of CHI27 and OAR26, a discrepancy in the BTA26, OAR22, and CHI26 assemblies, a missed inversion in CHI1 compared to BTA1 and OAR1, and the exact assembly of a region of about 7 Mb in OAR10 and CHI12. Incorrect positioning of genomic tracts can cause unintended consequences in genetic analyses, especially when the data represent a starting point for the construction of genetic tools. In the new genomic assemblies published after the conclusion of our experiments, however, the accuracy in the construction of animal assemblies has been much improved, even if the new assemblies present more extended unmapped portions than the previous versions. The gap could be filled by comparative analyses between similar species or FISH.
Bovidae; Comparative cytogenetics; Evolution; FISH; Genome assembly
Settore AGR/17 - Zootecnica Generale e Miglioramento Genetico
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/727364
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