Sleep and epilepsy interact with each other in a complex bidirectional way. The main objective of this study was to characterize and determine the prevalence of sleep and behavioral disorders among Italian children and adolescents with epilepsy. We asked 84 consecutive parents/caregivers of patients with epilepsy aged between 6 and 17 years old to fill out the Sleep Disturbances Scale for Children (SDSC) and Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). An abnormal total sleep score was found in 20 subjects with epilepsy (23.8%), compared with 4 (4.4%) of control group (P < .001). Forty-eight patients (57.1%) had an abnormal score in at least one SDSC factor: disorders in initiating and maintaining sleep (DIMS; 13.1%), sleep breathing disorders (SBD; 13.1%), disorders of arousal (DA; 5.9%), sleep-wake transition disorders (SWTD; 15.5%), disorders of excessive somnolence (DOES; 20.2%), and sleep hyperhidrosis (SHY; 5.9%). Patients with epilepsy showed higher prevalence of behavioral/emotional disturbances in all CBCL domains but one compared with patients without epilepsy. The SDSC and CBCL total scores showed a significant correlation (R-square = 0.256; P < .001). Sleep and behavioral/emotional disorders are common in epilepsy during childhood and adolescence. The SDSC could be a valid tool to screen sleep disturbances in this group of patients.
Sleep disturbances in Italian children and adolescents with epilepsy: A questionnaire study / E. Zambrelli, K. Turner, A. Vignoli, F. La Briola, S. Dionisio, S. Malanchini, F. Galli, M.P. Canevini. - In: EPILEPSY & BEHAVIOR. - ISSN 1525-5050. - 106(2020 May).
|Titolo:||Sleep disturbances in Italian children and adolescents with epilepsy: A questionnaire study|
CANEVINI, MARIA PAOLA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||sleep; epilepsy; behavior; SDSC; CBCL; children;|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/39 - Neuropsichiatria Infantile|
|Data di pubblicazione:||mag-2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yebeh.2020.107014|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|