We address a particular instance where open quantum systems may be used as quantum probes for an emergent property of a complex system, as the temperature of a thermal bath. The inherent fragility of the quantum probes against decoherence is the key feature making the overall scheme very sensitive. The specific setting examined here is that of quantum thermometry, which aims to exploit decoherence as a resource to estimate the temperature of a sample. We focus on temperature estimation for a bosonic bath at equilibrium in the Ohmic regime (ranging from sub-Ohmic to super-Ohmic), by using pairs of qubits in different initial states and interacting with different environments, consisting either of a single thermal bath or of two independent ones at the same temperature. Our scheme involves pure dephasing of the probes, thus avoiding energy exchange with the sample and the consequent perturbation of temperature itself. We discuss the role of correlations among the probes and the presence of a local versus a global bath. We show that entanglement improves thermometry at short times if the two qubits are embedded in a common bath, whereas if the interaction time is not constrained, then coherence rather than entanglement is the key resource in quantum thermometry.
Two-qubit quantum probes for the temperature of an Ohmic environment / F. Gebbia, C. Benedetti, F. Benatti, R. Floreanini, M. Bina, M.G.A. Paris. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW A. - ISSN 2469-9926. - 101:3(2020 Mar 17).
|Titolo:||Two-qubit quantum probes for the temperature of an Ohmic environment|
BENEDETTI, CLAUDIA (Secondo)
BINA, MATTEO (Penultimo)
PARIS, MATTEO (Ultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore FIS/03 - Fisica della Materia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||17-mar-2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.101.032112|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|