BACKGROUND: Lung ischemia/reperfusion (IR) injury contributes to the development of severe complications in patients undergoing transplantation. Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-derived extracellular vesicles (EVs) exert beneficial actions comparable to those of MSCs without the risks of the cell-based strategy. This research investigated EV effects during IR injury in isolated rat lungs. METHODS: An established model of 180-minutes ex vivo lung perfusion (EVLP) was used. At 60 minutes EVs (n = 5) or saline (n = 5) were administered. Parallel experiments used labeled EVs to determine EV biodistribution (n = 4). Perfusate samples were collected to perform gas analysis and to assess the concentration of nitric oxide (NO), hyaluronan (HA), inflammatory mediators, and leukocytes. Lung biopsies were taken at 180 minutes to evaluate HA, adenosine triphosphate (ATP), gene expression, and histology. RESULTS: Compared with untreated lungs, EV-treated organs showed decreased vascular resistance and a rise of perfusate NO metabolites. EVs prevented the reduction in pulmonary ATP caused by IR. Increased medium-high-molecular-weight HA was detected in the perfusate and in the lung tissue of the IR + EV group. Significant differences in cell count on perfusate and tissue samples, together with induction of transcription and synthesis of chemokines, suggested EV-dependent modulation of leukocyte recruitment. EVs upregulated genes involved in the resolution of inflammation and oxidative stress. Biodistribution analysis showed that EVs were retained in the lung tissue and internalized within pulmonary cells. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows multiple novel EV influences on pulmonary energetics, tissue integrity, and gene expression during IR. The use of cell-free therapies during EVLP could constitute a valuable strategy for reconditioning and repair of injured lungs before transplantation.
Mesenchymal stem cell–derived extracellular vesicles improve the molecular phenotype of isolated rat lungs during ischemia/reperfusion injury / C. Lonati, G.A. Bassani, D. Brambilla, P. Leonardi, A. Carlin, M. Maggioni, A. Zanella, D. Dondossola, V. Fonsato, C. Grange, G. Camussi, S. Gatti. - In: THE JOURNAL OF HEART AND LUNG TRANSPLANTATION. - ISSN 1053-2498. - 38:12(2019 Dec), pp. 1306-1316.
|Titolo:||Mesenchymal stem cell–derived extracellular vesicles improve the molecular phenotype of isolated rat lungs during ischemia/reperfusion injury|
LONATI, CATERINA (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||ex vivo lung perfusion; hyaluronan; ischemia/reperfusion injury; lung transplantation; mesenchymal stem cell–derived extracellular vesicles|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/41 - Anestesiologia|
Settore MED/18 - Chirurgia Generale
|Data di pubblicazione:||dic-2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.healun.2019.08.016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|