The first part of the thesis presents an experiment proposal for short-lived heavy baryon electromagnetic dipole moments measurement, exploiting spin precession of particles channeled in bent crystals, produced from fixed-target collisions of multi-TeV energy protons extracted from the main beam of the Large Hadron Collider accelerator. The LHCb detector is considered to measure the baryon polarisation from its decay distribution. The same methodology is further extended to the measurement of τ lepton electromagnetic dipole moments, which is complicated by the presence of undetectable neutrinos. The second part of the thesis presents the amplitude analysis of Λc → pKπ decays from Λb → Λc μ X production recorded by the LHCb experiment, including the extraction of the Λc polarisation vector. This analysis is an essential tool in light of the Λc baryon dipole moments measurement, providing an unprecedented knowledge of the main Λc decay mode and the Λc polarisation. Order one million events are selected from LHCb data with negligible background contributions. The Λc → pKπ decay model for generic polarisation is written in the helicity formalism and fitted to data. An amplitude model describing Λc → pKπ decays has been obtained from two-dimensional Dalitz plot fits, giving valuable information on the main intermediate resonances, including the observation of new Λ* resonant contributions. The third part of the thesis deals with the Λc polarisation measurement in proton-neon collisions at 68.6 GeV centre-of-mass energy recorded by LHCb, which provides information on the Λc baryon structure. A significant Λc polarisation is also crucial for the proposed dipole moments experiment. The feasibility of the measurement has been proved achieving two essential results: a few hundreds Λc → pKπ decays are selected from proton-neon LHCb data, separated from background contributions; the Λc polarisation measurement from the selected sample has been proved feasible on simulated pseudo-experiments, showing that the main associated systematic uncertainty is negligible compared to statistical fluctuations.

AMPLITUDE ANALYSIS AND POLARISATION MEASUREMENT OF THE LAMBDAC BARYON IN PKPI FINAL STATE FOR ELECTROMAGNETIC DIPOLE MOMENT EXPERIMENT / D. Marangotto ; supervisore: N. Neri ; coordinatore: M. Paris. - : . Dipartimento di Fisica Aldo Pontremoli, 2020 Mar 16. ((32. ciclo, Anno Accademico 2019. [10.13130/marangotto-daniele_phd2020-03-16].

AMPLITUDE ANALYSIS AND POLARISATION MEASUREMENT OF THE LAMBDAC BARYON IN PKPI FINAL STATE FOR ELECTROMAGNETIC DIPOLE MOMENT EXPERIMENT

D. Marangotto
2020

Abstract

The first part of the thesis presents an experiment proposal for short-lived heavy baryon electromagnetic dipole moments measurement, exploiting spin precession of particles channeled in bent crystals, produced from fixed-target collisions of multi-TeV energy protons extracted from the main beam of the Large Hadron Collider accelerator. The LHCb detector is considered to measure the baryon polarisation from its decay distribution. The same methodology is further extended to the measurement of τ lepton electromagnetic dipole moments, which is complicated by the presence of undetectable neutrinos. The second part of the thesis presents the amplitude analysis of Λc → pKπ decays from Λb → Λc μ X production recorded by the LHCb experiment, including the extraction of the Λc polarisation vector. This analysis is an essential tool in light of the Λc baryon dipole moments measurement, providing an unprecedented knowledge of the main Λc decay mode and the Λc polarisation. Order one million events are selected from LHCb data with negligible background contributions. The Λc → pKπ decay model for generic polarisation is written in the helicity formalism and fitted to data. An amplitude model describing Λc → pKπ decays has been obtained from two-dimensional Dalitz plot fits, giving valuable information on the main intermediate resonances, including the observation of new Λ* resonant contributions. The third part of the thesis deals with the Λc polarisation measurement in proton-neon collisions at 68.6 GeV centre-of-mass energy recorded by LHCb, which provides information on the Λc baryon structure. A significant Λc polarisation is also crucial for the proposed dipole moments experiment. The feasibility of the measurement has been proved achieving two essential results: a few hundreds Λc → pKπ decays are selected from proton-neon LHCb data, separated from background contributions; the Λc polarisation measurement from the selected sample has been proved feasible on simulated pseudo-experiments, showing that the main associated systematic uncertainty is negligible compared to statistical fluctuations.
NERI, NICOLA
NERI, NICOLA
PARIS, MATTEO
Settore FIS/01 - Fisica Sperimentale
Settore FIS/04 - Fisica Nucleare e Subnucleare
AMPLITUDE ANALYSIS AND POLARISATION MEASUREMENT OF THE LAMBDAC BARYON IN PKPI FINAL STATE FOR ELECTROMAGNETIC DIPOLE MOMENT EXPERIMENT / D. Marangotto ; supervisore: N. Neri ; coordinatore: M. Paris. - : . Dipartimento di Fisica Aldo Pontremoli, 2020 Mar 16. ((32. ciclo, Anno Accademico 2019. [10.13130/marangotto-daniele_phd2020-03-16].
Doctoral Thesis
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/720308
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