Background: Congenital fibrinogen deficiency is an ultra-rare disorder in which patients can experience severe and/or frequent bleeding episodes (BEs). Here, we present the largest prospective study to date on the treatment of this disorder. Methods: Hemostatic efficacy of human fibrinogen concentrate (HFC; FIBRYGA®, Octapharma AG) for treatment of bleeding or surgical prophylaxis was assessed by investigators and adjudicated by an independent data monitoring and endpoint adjudication committee (IDMEAC) according to a four-point scale, using objective criteria. Thromboelastometry maximum clot firmness (MCF) was also determined. Results: Twenty-five afibrinogenemia patients were treated with HFC: 24 for on-demand treatment of 89 BEs, and nine as prophylaxis for 12 surgeries. For BEs, treatment success (rating of excellent or good) evaluated by investigators was 96.6% (90% confidence interval [CI], 0.92-0.99; two missing ratings, classified as failures) and by the IDMEAC was 98.9% (90% CI, 0.95-0.999). Mean ± standard deviation (SD) increase in MCF was 5.8 ± 2.5 mm one hour after the first HFC infusion (mean ± SD dose, 61.88 ± 11.73 mg/kg). For the 12 surgeries (median [range] HFC dose/surgery, 85.80 mg/kg [34.09-225.36]), intraoperative and postoperative treatment success were both rated 100% (90% CI, 0.82-1.00) by investigators and the IDMEAC. Three adverse events were possibly treatment related, including a moderate case of thrombosis. There were no deaths, no severe allergic or hypersensitivity reactions, and no clinical evidence of neutralizing antifibrinogen antibodies. Conclusions: Human fibrinogen concentrate was efficacious for on-demand treatment of bleeding and as surgical prophylaxis, with a favorable safety profile, in patients with congenital afibrinogenemia.

Fibrinogen concentrate for treatment of bleeding and surgical prophylaxis in congenital fibrinogen deficiency patients / T. Lissitchkov, B. Madan, C. Djambas Khayat, N. Zozulya, C. Ross, M. Karimi, K. Kavakli, G.R. De Angulo, A. Almomen, K. Subramanian, F. D'Souza, A. Viswabandya, H. Hoorfar, B.A. Schwartz, C. Solomon, S. Knaub, F. Peyvandi. - In: JOURNAL OF THROMBOSIS AND HAEMOSTASIS. - ISSN 1538-7933. - 18:4(2020 Apr), pp. 815-824. [10.1111/jth.14727]

Fibrinogen concentrate for treatment of bleeding and surgical prophylaxis in congenital fibrinogen deficiency patients

M. Karimi;F. Peyvandi
Ultimo
2020

Abstract

Background: Congenital fibrinogen deficiency is an ultra-rare disorder in which patients can experience severe and/or frequent bleeding episodes (BEs). Here, we present the largest prospective study to date on the treatment of this disorder. Methods: Hemostatic efficacy of human fibrinogen concentrate (HFC; FIBRYGA®, Octapharma AG) for treatment of bleeding or surgical prophylaxis was assessed by investigators and adjudicated by an independent data monitoring and endpoint adjudication committee (IDMEAC) according to a four-point scale, using objective criteria. Thromboelastometry maximum clot firmness (MCF) was also determined. Results: Twenty-five afibrinogenemia patients were treated with HFC: 24 for on-demand treatment of 89 BEs, and nine as prophylaxis for 12 surgeries. For BEs, treatment success (rating of excellent or good) evaluated by investigators was 96.6% (90% confidence interval [CI], 0.92-0.99; two missing ratings, classified as failures) and by the IDMEAC was 98.9% (90% CI, 0.95-0.999). Mean ± standard deviation (SD) increase in MCF was 5.8 ± 2.5 mm one hour after the first HFC infusion (mean ± SD dose, 61.88 ± 11.73 mg/kg). For the 12 surgeries (median [range] HFC dose/surgery, 85.80 mg/kg [34.09-225.36]), intraoperative and postoperative treatment success were both rated 100% (90% CI, 0.82-1.00) by investigators and the IDMEAC. Three adverse events were possibly treatment related, including a moderate case of thrombosis. There were no deaths, no severe allergic or hypersensitivity reactions, and no clinical evidence of neutralizing antifibrinogen antibodies. Conclusions: Human fibrinogen concentrate was efficacious for on-demand treatment of bleeding and as surgical prophylaxis, with a favorable safety profile, in patients with congenital afibrinogenemia.
afibrinogenemia; fibrinogen; hemostasis; surgical prophylaxis; thrombelastography
Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna
apr-2020
gen-2020
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/719616
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