Aim: Migratory animals regularly move between often distant breeding and non-breeding ranges. Knowledge about how these ranges are linked by movements of individuals from different populations is crucial for unravelling temporal variability in population spatial structuring and for identifying environmental drivers of population dynamics acting at different spatio-temporal scales. We performed a large-scale individual-based migration tracking study of an Afro-Palaearctic migratory raptor, to determine the patterns of migratory connectivity of European breeding populations. Location: Europe, Africa. Methods: Migration data were recorded using different devices (geolocators, satellite transmitters, Global Positioning System dataloggers) from 87 individuals breeding in the three core European populations, located in the Iberian, Italian and Balkan peninsulas. We estimated connectivity by the Mantel correlation coefficient (rM), and computed both the degree of separation between the non-breeding areas of individuals from the same population (i.e. the population spread) and the relative size of the non-breeding range (i.e. the non-breeding range spread). Results: European lesser kestrels migrated on a broad front across the Mediterranean Sea and Sahara Desert, with different populations using different routes. Iberian birds migrated to western Sahel (Senegal, Mauritania, western Mali), Balkan birds migrated chiefly to central-eastern Sahel (Niger, Nigeria, Chad), whereas Italian ones spread from eastern Mali to Nigeria. Spatial differentiation of non-breeding areas led to a strong migratory connectivity (rM =.58), associated with a relatively high population (637 km) and non-breeding range (1,149 km) spread. Main conclusions: Our comprehensive analysis of the non-breeding distribution of European lesser kestrel populations revealed a strong migratory connectivity, a rare occurrence in long-distance avian migrants. The geographical conformation of the species’ breeding and non-breeding ranges, together with broad-front migration across ecological barriers, promoted the differentiation of migratory routes and non-breeding areas. Strong connectivity could then arise because of both high population spread and broad non-breeding range.

Broad-front migration leads to strong migratory connectivity in the lesser kestrel (Falco naumanni) / M. Sara, S. Bondi, A. Bermejo, M. Bourgeois, M. Bouzin, J. Bustamante, J. de la Puente, A. Evangelidis, A. Frassanito, E. Fulco, G. Giglio, G. Gradev, M. Griggio, L. Lopez-Ricaurte, P. Kordopatis, S. Marin, J. Martinez, R. Mascara, U. Mellone, S.C. Pellegrino, P. Pilard, S. Podofillini, M. Romero, M. Gustin, N. Saulnier, L. Serra, A. Sfougaris, V. Urios, M. Visceglia, K. Vlachopoulos, L. Zanca, J.G. Cecere, D. Rubolini. - In: JOURNAL OF BIOGEOGRAPHY. - ISSN 0305-0270. - 46:12(2019 Dec 01), pp. 2663-2677. [10.1111/jbi.13713]

Broad-front migration leads to strong migratory connectivity in the lesser kestrel (Falco naumanni)

Podofillini S.;Rubolini D.
2019-12-01

Abstract

Aim: Migratory animals regularly move between often distant breeding and non-breeding ranges. Knowledge about how these ranges are linked by movements of individuals from different populations is crucial for unravelling temporal variability in population spatial structuring and for identifying environmental drivers of population dynamics acting at different spatio-temporal scales. We performed a large-scale individual-based migration tracking study of an Afro-Palaearctic migratory raptor, to determine the patterns of migratory connectivity of European breeding populations. Location: Europe, Africa. Methods: Migration data were recorded using different devices (geolocators, satellite transmitters, Global Positioning System dataloggers) from 87 individuals breeding in the three core European populations, located in the Iberian, Italian and Balkan peninsulas. We estimated connectivity by the Mantel correlation coefficient (rM), and computed both the degree of separation between the non-breeding areas of individuals from the same population (i.e. the population spread) and the relative size of the non-breeding range (i.e. the non-breeding range spread). Results: European lesser kestrels migrated on a broad front across the Mediterranean Sea and Sahara Desert, with different populations using different routes. Iberian birds migrated to western Sahel (Senegal, Mauritania, western Mali), Balkan birds migrated chiefly to central-eastern Sahel (Niger, Nigeria, Chad), whereas Italian ones spread from eastern Mali to Nigeria. Spatial differentiation of non-breeding areas led to a strong migratory connectivity (rM =.58), associated with a relatively high population (637 km) and non-breeding range (1,149 km) spread. Main conclusions: Our comprehensive analysis of the non-breeding distribution of European lesser kestrel populations revealed a strong migratory connectivity, a rare occurrence in long-distance avian migrants. The geographical conformation of the species’ breeding and non-breeding ranges, together with broad-front migration across ecological barriers, promoted the differentiation of migratory routes and non-breeding areas. Strong connectivity could then arise because of both high population spread and broad non-breeding range.
bird migration; geolocators; GPS; non-breeding distribution; Sahel; satellite telemetry; spatial structure
Settore BIO/07 - Ecologia
ott-2019
JOURNAL OF BIOGEOGRAPHY
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
jbi.13713.pdf

non disponibili

2.24 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
JBI-19-0157.R1_main text clean_FINALforWB.pdf

embargo fino al 01/10/2020

532.67 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/719401
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 15
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 15
social impact