This working group asserts that Program Comprehension (Prog-Comp) plays a critical part in the process of writing programs. For example, this paper is written from a basic draft that was edited and revised until it clearly presented our idea. Similarly, a program is written incrementally, with each step tested, debugged and extended until the program achieves its goal. Novice programmers should develop program comprehension skills as they learn to code so that they are able both to read and reason about code created by others, and to reflect on their code when writing, debugging or extending it. To foster such competencies our group identified two main goals: (g1) to collect and define learning activities that explicitly address key components of program comprehension and (g2) to define tentative theoretical learning trajectories that will guide teachers as they select and sequence those learning activities in their CS0/CS1/CS2 or K-12 courses. The WG has completed the first goal and laid down a strong foundation towards the second goal as presented in this report. After a thorough literature review, a detailed description of the Block Model is provided, as this model has been used with a dual purpose, to classify and present an extensive list of ProgComp tasks, and to describe a possible learning trajectory for a complex task, covering different cells of the Block Model matrix. The latter is intended to help instructors to decompose complex tasks and identify which aspects of ProgComp are being fostered.

Fostering program comprehension in novice programmers : learning activities and learning trajectories / C. Izu, C. Schulte, A. Aggarwal, Q. Cutts, R. Duran, M. Gutica, B. Heinemann, E. Kraemer, V. Lonati, C. Mirolo, R. Weeda - In: ITiCSE-WGR '19: Proceedings[s.l] : ACM, 2019. - ISBN 9781450375672. - pp. 27-52 (( Intervento presentato al 24. convegno Working Group Reports on Innovation and Technology in Computer Science Education tenutosi a Aberdeen nel 2019.

Fostering program comprehension in novice programmers : learning activities and learning trajectories

Schulte C.;Lonati V.;
2019

Abstract

This working group asserts that Program Comprehension (Prog-Comp) plays a critical part in the process of writing programs. For example, this paper is written from a basic draft that was edited and revised until it clearly presented our idea. Similarly, a program is written incrementally, with each step tested, debugged and extended until the program achieves its goal. Novice programmers should develop program comprehension skills as they learn to code so that they are able both to read and reason about code created by others, and to reflect on their code when writing, debugging or extending it. To foster such competencies our group identified two main goals: (g1) to collect and define learning activities that explicitly address key components of program comprehension and (g2) to define tentative theoretical learning trajectories that will guide teachers as they select and sequence those learning activities in their CS0/CS1/CS2 or K-12 courses. The WG has completed the first goal and laid down a strong foundation towards the second goal as presented in this report. After a thorough literature review, a detailed description of the Block Model is provided, as this model has been used with a dual purpose, to classify and present an extensive list of ProgComp tasks, and to describe a possible learning trajectory for a complex task, covering different cells of the Block Model matrix. The latter is intended to help instructors to decompose complex tasks and identify which aspects of ProgComp are being fostered.
CS1; K-12 computing; Learning trajectories; Novice programmers; Program comprehension
Settore INF/01 - Informatica
ACM SIGCSE
Book Part (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
manuscript.pdf

non disponibili

Descrizione: author's version
Tipologia: Post-print, accepted manuscript ecc. (versione accettata dall'editore)
Dimensione 2.49 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
2.49 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
3344429.3372501 (1).pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 3.01 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
3.01 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/715240
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 23
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 9
social impact