It has been extensively demonstrated that GH secretagogues (GHS) play a role in the regulation of bone metabolism in animals and humans. Unlike GH, administration of GHS does not increase bone resorption markers, suggesting that a mechanism exclusively linked to GH release cannot account for the effect of these compounds. On this line, we investigated the effect of GHS and ghrelin, the endogenous ligand of GHS receptors, on bone cells. We found that both hexarelin and ghrelin significantly stimulated cell proliferation and increased alkaline phosphatase and osteocalcin production in primary cultures of rat calvaria osteoblasts. In the same cells, we were able to detect the mRNA for the GHS receptor by RT-PCR and the corresponding protein by Western blot, indicating that ghrelin and GHS may bind and activate this receptor. Two isoforms of GHS receptors (GHS-R), which are presumably the result of alternate processing of pre-mRNA, have been identified and designed receptors 1a (R1a) and 1b (R1b). Ghrelin, the endogenous ligand of the GHS receptors, binds with high affinity GHS-R1a only. Unlike fetal calvaria cells, osteoblasts derived from adult rat tibia did not express the GHS-R1 a, but only the biologically inactive isoform GHS-R1b. The latter isoform was present in only one of the three specimens of human osteoblasts obtained from the iliac crest or the upper femur of patients during surgery. These results would indicate that only osteoblasts from fetal bone express functional receptors responsive to ghrelin and GHS.
|Titolo:||GH-releasing peptides and bone|
NETTI, CARMELA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||GH, ghrelin, osteoblasts,bone mineral density,osteocalcin|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|