Sixty-three, open-chest normal rats were subjected to mechanical ventilation (MV) with tidal volumes (VT) ranging from 7.5-39.5ml kg-1 and PEEP 2.3 cmH2O. Arterial blood gasses and pressure, and lung mechanics were measured during baseline ventilation (VT = 7.5ml kg-1) before and after test ventilation, when cytokine, von Willebrand factor (vWF), and albumin concentration in serum and broncho-alveolar lavage fluid (BALF), wet-to-dry weight ratio (W/D), and histologic injury scores were assessed. Elevation of W/D and serum vWF and cytokine concentration occurred with VT > 25ml kg-1. With VT > 30ml kg-1 cytokine and albumin concentration increased also in BALF, arterial oxygen tension decreased, lung mechanics and histology deteriorated, while W/D and vWF and cytokine concentration increased further. Hence, the initial manifestation of injurious MV consists of damage of extra-alveolar vessels leading to interstitial edema, as shown by elevated vWF and cytokine levels in serum but not in BALF. Failure of the endothelial-epithelial barrier occurs at higher stress-strain levels, with alveolar edema, small airway injury, and mechanical alterations.
|Titolo:||The development of various forms of lung injury with increasing tidal volume in normal rats|
|Parole Chiave:||Cytokines; Lung edema; Lung mechanics; Lung histology; Mechanical ventilation; von Willebrand factor|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.resp.2020.103369|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|