Ultrasonography is the imaging technology of choice for the evaluation of the reproduction system and of pregnancy in both humans and animals. Over the past 10 years, there have been significant technological improvements of the equipment, while new technologies have been developed. Doppler, contrast-enhanced ultrasonography, elastography, and 3D/4D ultrasonography are advanced ultrasound techniques that have been designed as methods to increase the diagnostic sensitivity of two-dimensional (b-mode) ultrasound, and not as stand-alone tests. The basic physics as well as the advantages and limitations of these advanced ultrasound methods are briefly described. In the reproductive diagnostics of small animals, these techniques have gained an increased popularity as proved by the increased publication of several reports that are also briefly summarized in this review. Clinical applicability is to date limited because of a lack of research on the diagnostic value in concrete situations. Future research projects should focus also on standardization of the used techniques, on determination of thresholds to discriminate between healthy or diseases or fertile versus infertile and on the predictive value of advanced ultrasound findings. Continuing development and optimization of different ultrasound techniques as well as the increase of related scientific interest and worldwide research promises that the clinical interest on the use of advanced ultrasound techniques will increase in future.
Advanced ultrasound techniques in small animal reproduction imaging / G. Mantziaras, G.C. Luvoni. - In: REPRODUCTION IN DOMESTIC ANIMALS. - ISSN 0936-6768. - 55:suppl. 2(2020 Jul), pp. 17-25. ((Intervento presentato al 22. convegno European Veterinary Society for Small Animal Reproduction (EVSSAR) Congress tenutosi a Berlin nel 2019.
|Titolo:||Advanced ultrasound techniques in small animal reproduction imaging|
LUVONI, GAIA CECILIA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||3D/4D; CEUS; Doppler; contrast-enhanced ultrasonography; elastography; ultrasound|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/10 - Clinica Ostetrica e Ginecologia Veterinaria|
|Data di pubblicazione:||lug-2020|
|Enti collegati al convegno:||European Veterinary Society for Small Animal Reproduction|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||8-gen-2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/rda.13587|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|