5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) is the most widely used drug for the treatment of ulcerative colitis. The benefits of targeted delivery of 5-ASA to the large intestine are well known, resulting in reduced systemic absorption and increased local concentrations at the disease site. In the present study, a 5-ASA colon delivery system based on the time-dependent strategy, exploiting the relatively consistent small intestinal transit time (SITT), was manufactured and evaluated in vitro as well as in vivo. The system was obtained by successive spray-coating of an immediate-release tablet core with low-viscosity HPMC and Eudragit (R) L. The enteric film was effective in preventing release during the acidic stage of the in vitro test, while the HPMC coating brought about reproducible lag phases prior to release in phosphate buffer medium. A gamma-scintigraphy investigation pointed out that, following administration to fasted and fed volunteers, disintegration of the units never occurred prior to colon arrival. In all cases, a lag time preceded the appearance of the drug and its N-acetyl metabolite in the blood-stream, which was found to correlate with the time of disintegration in a linear mode. The plasma levels of the drug and metabolite as well as their cumulative urinary recovery were relatively low with respect to those reported when 5-ASA is delivered to the small bowel.

In vitro and human pharmacoscintigraphic evaluation of an oral 5-ASA delivery system for colonic release / A. Foppoli, A. Maroni, S. Moutaharrik, A. Melocchi, L. Zema, L. Palugan, M. Cerea, A. Gazzaniga. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICS. - ISSN 0378-5173. - 572(2019 Dec 15), pp. 118723.1-118723.9. [10.1016/j.ijpharm.2019.118723]

In vitro and human pharmacoscintigraphic evaluation of an oral 5-ASA delivery system for colonic release

A. Foppoli
Primo
;
A. Maroni
Secondo
;
S. Moutaharrik;A. Melocchi;L. Zema;L. Palugan;M. Cerea
Penultimo
;
A. Gazzaniga
Ultimo
2019-12-15

Abstract

5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) is the most widely used drug for the treatment of ulcerative colitis. The benefits of targeted delivery of 5-ASA to the large intestine are well known, resulting in reduced systemic absorption and increased local concentrations at the disease site. In the present study, a 5-ASA colon delivery system based on the time-dependent strategy, exploiting the relatively consistent small intestinal transit time (SITT), was manufactured and evaluated in vitro as well as in vivo. The system was obtained by successive spray-coating of an immediate-release tablet core with low-viscosity HPMC and Eudragit (R) L. The enteric film was effective in preventing release during the acidic stage of the in vitro test, while the HPMC coating brought about reproducible lag phases prior to release in phosphate buffer medium. A gamma-scintigraphy investigation pointed out that, following administration to fasted and fed volunteers, disintegration of the units never occurred prior to colon arrival. In all cases, a lag time preceded the appearance of the drug and its N-acetyl metabolite in the blood-stream, which was found to correlate with the time of disintegration in a linear mode. The plasma levels of the drug and metabolite as well as their cumulative urinary recovery were relatively low with respect to those reported when 5-ASA is delivered to the small bowel.
Oral colon delivery; Time-dependent release; 5-aminosalicylic acid; Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose; Spray-coating; Pharmacoscintigraphy
Settore CHIM/09 - Farmaceutico Tecnologico Applicativo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/700760
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