In Val d’Ala (Piedmont,Western Alps, Italy), the more interesting rocks for the mineralogical research are represented by rodingites (rich in mineralized veins and fractures) associated with serpentinites in the eclogitized oceanic crust of Piemonte Zone, south of Gran Paradiso Massif. Among the vein-filling minerals, garnets are the most appreciated as mineral specimens and, in less degree despite their vivid and rich colors, for their potential as gem-quality materials. This study provides a complete gemological characterization of five faceted samples and others new information by means of Synchrotron X-ray computed micro-tomography imaging gem features. Electron-probe microanalysis (EMPA) and laser ablation–inductively coupled plasma–mass spectrometry (LA–ICP–MS) established that the chemical composition of garnets from different localities, resulted both close to pure andradite, enriched in light rare earth elements (LREE) with a positive Eu anomaly, and grossular-andradite solid solution (grandite), enriched in heavy rare earth elements (HREE). X-ray powder diffraction analyses indicate the possible coexistence of almost pure grossular and andradite. A spectroscopic approach, commonly used with gem-like material, by Raman and diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform (DRIFT) spectroscopy, completes the characterization of the samples. The new data on the textural and geochemical features of the grandite and andradite garnets suggest local growth processes under various chemical and oxidation conditions of metasomatic and metamorphic fluids interacting with the host-rocks. Garnets represent long-lasting mineral records of the complex geological history of the Val d’Ala rodingitic dikes during their oceanic- and subduction-related metamorphic evolution.
Garnets from Val d’Ala Rodingites, Piedmont, Italy: An Investigation of Their Gemological, Spectroscopic and Crystal Chemical Properties / V. Diella, R. Bocchio, N. Marinoni, F. Caucia, M.I. Spalla, I. Adamo, A. Langone, L. Mancini. - In: MINERALS. - ISSN 2075-163X. - 9:12(2019 Dec).
|Titolo:||Garnets from Val d’Ala Rodingites, Piedmont, Italy: An Investigation of Their Gemological, Spectroscopic and Crystal Chemical Properties|
BOCCHIO, ROSANGELA (Secondo) (Corresponding)
MARINONI, NICOLETTA (Corresponding)
SPALLA, MARIA IOLE (Corresponding)
ADAMO, ILARIA (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||garnet; rodingites; Val d’Ala; Piedmont; Western Alps; Italy|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore GEO/06 - Mineralogia|
Settore GEO/03 - Geologia Strutturale
|Data di pubblicazione:||dic-2019|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||26-nov-2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/min9120728|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|