This study investigated in-vitro the non-lethal eects of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) on Xylella fastidiosa subspecies pauca strain De Donno (Xf-DD) biofilm. This strain was isolated fromthe olive trees aected by the olive quick decline syndrome in southern Italy. Xf-DD was first exposed to non-lethal concentrations of NAC from 0.05 to 1000 M. Cell surface adhesion was dramatically reduced at 500 M NAC (47%), hence, this concentration was selected for investigating the eects of pre-, postand co-treatments on biofilm physiology and structural development, oxidative homeostasis, and biofilm detachment. Even though 500 MNAC reduced bacterial attachment to surfaces, compared to the control samples, it promoted Xf-DD biofilm formation by increasing: (i) biofilm biomass by up to 78% in the co-treatment, (ii) matrix polysaccharides production by up to 72% in the pre-treatment, and (iii) reactive oxygen species levels by 3.5-fold in the co-treatment. Xf-DD biofilm detachment without and with NAC was also investigated. The NAC treatment did not increase biofilm detachment, compared to the control samples. All these findings suggested that, at 500 M, NAC diversified the phenotypes in Xf-DD biofilm, promoting biofilm formation (hyper-biofilm-forming phenotype) and discouraging biofilm detachment (hyper-attachment phenotype), while increasing oxidative stress level in the biofilm.
Non-lethal effects of N-acetylcysteine on xylella fastidiosa strain De Donno biofilm formation and detachment / C. Cattò, L. De Vincenti, F. Cappitelli, G. D’Attoma, M. Saponari, F. Villa, F. Forlani. - In: MICROORGANISMS. - ISSN 2076-2607. - 7(2019 Dec 05), pp. 656.1-656.17.
|Titolo:||Non-lethal effects of N-acetylcysteine on xylella fastidiosa strain De Donno biofilm formation and detachment|
CATTO', CRISTINA (Primo)
DE VINCENTI, LUCA (Secondo)
VILLA, FEDERICA (Penultimo) (Corresponding)
FORLANI, FABIO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||N-acetylcysteine; non-lethal concentration; biofilm formation; Xylella fastidiosa strain De Donno; detachment|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/16 - Microbiologia Agraria|
Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica
|Progetto:||Valorization of OLive oil wastes for sustainable production of biocide-free (VOLAC)|
|Data di pubblicazione:||5-dic-2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms7120656|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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