In this Chapter we consider eye movements and, in particular, the resulting sequence of gaze shifts to be the observable outcome of a stochastic process. Crucially, we show that, under such assumption, a wide variety of tools become available for analyses and modelling beyond conventional statistical methods. Such tools encompass random walk analyses and more complex techniques borrowed from the Pattern Recognition and Machine Learning fields. After a brief, though critical, probabilistic tour of current computational models of eye movements and visual attention, we lay down the basis for gaze shift pattern analysis. To this end, the concepts of Markov Processes, the Wiener process and related random walks within the Gaussian framework of the Central Limit Theorem will be introduced. Then, we will deliberately violate fundamental assumptions of the Central Limit Theorem to elicit a larger perspective, rooted in statistical physics, for analysing and modelling eye movements in terms of anomalous, non-Gaussian, random walks and modern foraging theory. Eventually, by resorting to Statistical Machine Learning techniques, we discuss how the analyses of movement patterns can develop into the inference of hidden patterns of the mind: inferring the observer’s task, assessing cognitive impairments, classifying expertise.

Advanced Statistical Methods for Eye Movement Analysis and Modelling: A Gentle Introduction / G. Boccignone (STUDIES IN NEUROSCIENCE, PSYCHOLOGY AND BEHAVIORAL ECONOMICS). - In: Eye Movement Research : an Introduction to its Scientific Foundations and Applications / [a cura di] C. Klein, U. Ettinger. - Prima edizione. - [s.l] : Springer International Publishing, 2019 Nov. - ISBN 9783030200831. - pp. 309-405 [10.1007/978-3-030-20085-5_9]

Advanced Statistical Methods for Eye Movement Analysis and Modelling: A Gentle Introduction

G. Boccignone
2019-11

Abstract

In this Chapter we consider eye movements and, in particular, the resulting sequence of gaze shifts to be the observable outcome of a stochastic process. Crucially, we show that, under such assumption, a wide variety of tools become available for analyses and modelling beyond conventional statistical methods. Such tools encompass random walk analyses and more complex techniques borrowed from the Pattern Recognition and Machine Learning fields. After a brief, though critical, probabilistic tour of current computational models of eye movements and visual attention, we lay down the basis for gaze shift pattern analysis. To this end, the concepts of Markov Processes, the Wiener process and related random walks within the Gaussian framework of the Central Limit Theorem will be introduced. Then, we will deliberately violate fundamental assumptions of the Central Limit Theorem to elicit a larger perspective, rooted in statistical physics, for analysing and modelling eye movements in terms of anomalous, non-Gaussian, random walks and modern foraging theory. Eventually, by resorting to Statistical Machine Learning techniques, we discuss how the analyses of movement patterns can develop into the inference of hidden patterns of the mind: inferring the observer’s task, assessing cognitive impairments, classifying expertise.
eye movements; stochastic processes; visual attention; Bayesian models
Settore ING-INF/05 - Sistemi di Elaborazione delle Informazioni
Settore INF/01 - Informatica
Settore M-PSI/01 - Psicologia Generale
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/682765
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