Soil salinity is extremely harmful for crops, and, among cereals, for rice (Oryza sativa L.), with particular regard to the ssp. japonica. Seed germination and seedling emergence are among the phenological stages particularly sensitive to this stress condition. A Genome Wide Association Study (GWAS) with a total of 31.421 SNPs was conducted on a collection of 277 japonica rice accessions phenotyped under mid-salinity considering germination kinetic parameters and seedling emergence rate. A few Marker-Trait Associations were identified on the basis of significant genotype-phenotype association analysis. Among the genes putatively involved in the salt response, two were particularly interesting: OsTPP7 (chromosome 9) and OsTPP10 (chromosome 7), both belonging to the family encoding Trehalose-6-Phosphate Phosphatase (TPP) catalyzing the dephosphorylation of Trehalose-6-Phosphate (T6P) to Trehalose. Salt stress affects carbohydrate production and the mobilization/use of C storage compounds altering the sink-source relationships, sugar allocation and energy metabolism. In this framework, the ratios T6P/Tre, regulated by TPP activity, acts as a signal in the cascade of events that regulate, through sugar metabolism, plant development with particular regard to seed germination and seedling growth. In turn, T6P regulates the activity of Snf1-Related protein Kinase-1 (SnRK1), a metabolic sensor able to regulate α-amylase and fundamental in maintaining C homeostasis under stress. Aim of the work was to establish the role of the SnRK1/Tre6P/Tre/Sucrose system and in particular of the OsTPP7 and OsTPP10 genes in the tolerance of japonica rice to salt stress during seed germination and early seedling development. In two model rice accessions (Olcenengo, tolerant, and SR113, sensitive) with opposite behavior in salt stress, biochemical and molecular analyses were conducted. In particular, have been considered: in the growing embryos, T6P, Tre, and sucrose levels, and OsTPP7-OsTPP10 gene expression; in the endosperm, the time-course of α-amylase activity. Te results define a picture coherent with the different effects of salt stress in Olcenengo and SR113. Functional characterization of the OsTPP10 gene and its allele mining analysis within the 277 rice accessions are in progress.
|Titolo:||The Trehalose-6-phosphate/SnRK1 system in the response to saline conditions during germination of two rice (O. sativa L., ssp. japonica) cultivars with different salt sensitivity|
|Data di pubblicazione:||set-2019|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/13 - Chimica Agraria|
|Citazione:||The Trehalose-6-phosphate/SnRK1 system in the response to saline conditions during germination of two rice (O. sativa L., ssp. japonica) cultivars with different salt sensitivity / F. Colombo, V. Cavallaro, M. Pesenti, N. Negrini, S. Morgutti, G. Orasen, F.F. Nocito, G.A. Sacchi. ((Intervento presentato al 1. convegno Joint Meeting on Soil and Plant System Sciences tenutosi a Bari nel 2019.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||14 - Intervento a convegno non pubblicato|