Bioactive glasses (BGs) are attractive materials for bone replacement due to their tailorable chemical composition that is able to promote bone healing and repair. Accordingly, many attempts have been introduced to further improve BGs' biological behavior and to protect them from bacterial infection, which is nowadays the primary reason for implant failure. Polyphenols from natural products have been proposed as a novel source of antibacterial agents, whereas silver is a well-known antibacterial agent largely employed due to its broad-ranged activity. Based on these premises, the surface of a bioactive glass (CEL2) was functionalized with polyphenols extracted fromthe Egyptian algae Padina pavonica and enriched with silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using an in situ reduction technique only using algae extract. We analyzed the composite's morphological and physical-chemical characteristics using FE-SEM, EDS, XPS and Folin-Ciocalteau; all analyses confirmed that both algae polyphenols and AgNPs were successfully loaded together onto the CEL2 surface. Antibacterial analysis revealed that the presence of polyphenols and AgNPs significantly reduced the metabolic activity (> 50%) of Staphylococcus aureus biofilm in comparison with bare CEL2 controls. Finally, we verified the composite's cytocompatibility with human osteoblasts progenitors that were selected as representative cells for bone healing advancement.
|Titolo:||Surface functionalization of bioactive glasses with polyphenols from Padina pavonica algae and in situ reduction of silver ions : physico-chemical characterization and biological response|
|Parole Chiave:||Antibacterial; Bioactive glass; Cytocompatibility; Physico-chemical; Polyphenols; Silver nanoparticles|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/12 - Patologia Vegetale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||giu-2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/COATINGS9060394|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|