Background: The management of locally advanced rectal cancer (RC) is an evolving clinical field where the multidisciplinary approach can reach its best, and liquid biopsy for obtaining tumor-derived component such as circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) might provide complementary informations. Methods: A systematic review of studies available in literature of liquid biopsy in non-metastatic RC has been performed according to PRISMA criteria to assess the role of ctDNA as a diagnostic, predictive and prognostic biomarker in this setting. Results: Twenty-five publications have been retrieved, of which 8 full-text articles, 7 abstracts and 10 clinical trials. Results have been categorized into three groups: diagnostic, predictive and prognostic. Few but promising data are available about the use of liquid biopsy for early diagnosis of RC, with the main limitation of sensitivity due to low concentrations of ctDNA in this setting. In terms of prediction of response to chemoradiation, still inconclusive data are available about the utility of a pre-treatment liquid biopsy, whereas some studies report a positive correlation with a dynamic (pre/post-treatment) monitoring. The presence of minimal residual disease by ctDNA was consistently associated with worse prognosis across studies. Conclusions: The use of liquid biopsy for monitoring response to chemoradiation and assess the risk of disease recurrence are the most advanced potential applications for liquid biopsy in RC, with implications also in the context of non-operative management strategies.
Liquid biopsy for rectal cancer: a systematic review / D. Massihnia, E.G. Pizzutilo, A. Amatu, F.M. Tosi, S. Ghezzi, K. Bencardino, P. DI MASI, E. Righetti, G. Patelli, F. Scaglione, A. Vanzulli, S. Siena, A. SARTORE BIANCHI. - In: CANCER TREATMENT REVIEWS. - ISSN 0305-7372. - 79(2019 Sep).
|Titolo:||Liquid biopsy for rectal cancer: a systematic review|
MASSIHNIA, DANIELA (Primo)
PIZZUTILO, ELIO GREGORY (Secondo)
SIENA, SALVATORE (Penultimo)
SARTORE BIANCHI, ANDREA (Ultimo) (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||rectal cancer; liquid biopsy; ctDNA; Non-operative management|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/06 - Oncologia Medica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||set-2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ctrv.2019.101893|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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