The aim of mimicking enzyme activity represents an important motivation for the development of new catalysts. A challenging objective is the development of chiral complexes for bioinspired enantioselective oxidation reactions. Herein, we report a new chiral dinuclear copper(II) complex based on a m-xylyl-bis(histidine) ligand (mXHI) as a biomimetic catalyst for tyrosinase and catechol oxidase. The new ligand improves a previous system also containing two tridentate N-3 units derived from l-histidine that were connected by a short, rigid ethanediamine bridge. In mXHI the bridge is provided by the more extended m-xylyl moiety. The dicopper(II) complex [Cu-2(mXHI)](4+) was studied as a catalyst for stereoselective oxidations of enantiomeric couples of chiral catechols of biological interest (L/D-dopa, L/D-dopa methyl ester, and (R/S)-norepinephrine), showing excellent discrimination capability, particularly for the methyl esters of dopa enantiomers. The catechol oxidation was studied in acetate buffer as slightly acidic medium, and a role of acetate as bridging ligand between the two coppers, preorganizing the dinuclear center in a more catalytic efficient structure, could be established. The oxidation of beta-naphthol and 3,5-ditertbutylphenol was studied as a model monophenolase reaction. The oxidation proceeds stoichiometrically, and the partial incorporation of O-18 into beta-naphthol when the reaction was performed using 18O2 suggests the existence of two competitive reaction pathways, a genuine monooxygenase mechanism and a radical pathway. However, the more challenging reaction on derivatives of l-/d-tyrosine did not lead to the desired monooxygenase product but only to products of radical oxidation. Complex [Cu-2(mXHI)](4+) was also used for the catalytic sulfoxidation of thioanisole in the presence of hydroxylamine as cosubstrate, in a preliminary attempt to model the reaction of external monooxygenases. The reaction proceeds with 25 turnovers, but the enantiomeric excess of sulfoxide was modest.
|Titolo:||A Stereoselective Tyrosinase Model Compound Derived from an m-Xylyl-L-histidine Ligand|
|Parole Chiave:||dinuclear copper(ii) complexes; catechol oxidase activity; monooxygenase activity; mechanistic insight; catalytic-oxidation; ortho-hydroxylation; coordination modes; ortho-quinones; phenol; reactivity|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/03 - Chimica Generale e Inorganica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||giu-2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1021/acs.inorgchem.9b00473|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|