The Milanino is a heavy Italian chicken breed and represents an important genetic resource for alternative production systems. Due to the absence of standard management guidelines for local chicken breeds, this study aims to determine the space requirement to achieve a good equilibrium between growth performance and stress response in Milanino chickens reared according to a separate-sex free-range program. A total of 140 birds (70M:70F) were reared in outdoor pens from 75 to 235 d of life according to the following experimental groups (35 birds/group): (M2) males in 2 m(2)/bird; (F2) females in 2 m(2)/bird; (M10) males in 10 m(2)/bird; (F10) females in 10 m(2)/bird. Growth performance and stress condition were recorded. Bird density affected male body weight, that was higher at the lower density of 10 m2/bird. In contrast, females showed a consistent growth rate irrespective of the bird density suggesting lower space requirements. An overall good adaptability of the breed to the separate-sex free-range system was found, irrespective of both sex and bird density. Moreover, the stress markers values assessed at the end of the growing period suggest the ability of Milanino birds to respond well to environmental stressors. The results provided in this report will be implemented into free-range management guidelines for meat production in the Milanino breed: the separate-sex rearing is recommended during the growing period in outdoor pens and the bird density has to be planned according to the sex.
Free-Range Rearing Density for Male and Female Milanino Chickens: Growth Performance and Stress Markers / F. Mosca, L. Zaniboni, N. Iaffaldano, A. Abdel Sayed, M.G. Mangiagalli, G. Pastorelli, S. Cerolini. - In: JOURNAL OF APPLIED POULTRY RESEARCH. - ISSN 1056-6171. - 28:4(2019 Dec), pp. 1342-1348.
|Titolo:||Free-Range Rearing Density for Male and Female Milanino Chickens: Growth Performance and Stress Markers|
MOSCA, FABIO (Primo) (Corresponding)
ZANIBONI, LUISA (Secondo)
PASTORELLI, GRAZIA (Penultimo)
CEROLINI, SILVIA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||autochthonous chicken breed; free-range; rearing density; body weight; stress markers;|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/20 - Zoocolture|
|Progetto:||PIANO DI SOSTEGNO ALLA RICERCA 2015-2017 - LINEA 2 "DOTAZIONE ANNUALE PER ATTIVITA' ISTITUZIONALE"|
|Data di pubblicazione:||dic-2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3382/japr/pfz057|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|