To examine local control, disease-free survival, and toxicity in breast cancer patients aged ≥ 65 years treated with hypofractionated radiotherapy, we assessed 752 patients. Univariate and multivariate analysis revealed that the administration of a boost, disease grade, and molecular subtype significantly affected disease progression. Hypofractionated radiotherapy is effective and well tolerated in the elderly population. Purpose: To examine local control, disease-free survival (DFS), and toxicity in elderly (≥ 65 years) breast cancer patients treated with hypofractionated radiotherapy (hypo-RT) with or without a boost to the tumor bed. Patients and Methods: The study was conducted on 752 patients treated from April 2009 to February 2017. Patients received 42.4 Gy in 16 daily fractions (2.65 Gy per fraction). A boost was only administered in cases of grade 3 primary tumor and close or positive margins. Acute and late toxicity was prospectively assessed during and after hypo-RT, based on the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group scale. DFS and local recurrence–free survival were estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method for cumulative probability. Log-rank tests were used to identify differences by subtype. Cox proportional hazard models were used to investigate the impact of various factors on the risk of disease progression. Results: Among the 752 patients treated, 41 (5.5%) experienced disease progression, including 7 (17.1%) exclusively local recurrences; 1 (2.4%) local and nodal recurrence; 1 (2.4%) local and nodal recurrence plus metastasis; 7 (17.1%) nodal recurrences plus metastases; and 25 (61%) exclusively distant metastases. The 5-year DFS, local recurrence–free survival, breast cancer–specific survival, and overall survival rates were 91.8% (95% confidence interval [CI], 88.6-94.2), 98.0% (95% CI, 96.1-99.1), 98.2% (95% CI, 96.5-99.1), and 87.5% (95% CI, 83.8-90.5), respectively. On univariate analysis, the administration of a boost, disease grade (grades 1 and 2 vs. 3), and molecular subtype (triple negative or human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 [HER2] positive, or luminal B vs. luminal A) significantly affected disease progression (P <.01). These findings were confirmed by multivariate analysis. Conclusion: Hypo-RT is effective and well tolerated in the elderly population, and the routine use of a boost for patients over 65 years is not justified. Further studies on the boost issue are strongly advocated.
|Titolo:||Hypofractionated Whole-Breast Irradiation With or Without Boost in Elderly Patients : Clinical Evaluation of an Italian Experience|
|Parole Chiave:||Breast cancer; Disease-free survival; Local control; Radiotherapy|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/36 - Diagnostica per Immagini e Radioterapia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||ott-2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.clbc.2018.04.003|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|