The MADS box genes participate in different steps of vegetative and reproductive plant development, including the most important phases of the reproductive process. Here we describe the isolation and characterisation of two Asparagus officinalis MADS box genes, AOM3 and AOM4. The deduced AOM3 protein shows the highest degree of similarity with ZAG3 and ZAG5 of maize, OsMADS6 of rice and AGL6 of Arabidopsis thaliana. The deduced AOM4 protein shows the highest degree of similarity with AOM1 of asparagus, the SEP proteins of Arabidopsis and the rice proteins OsMADS8, OsMADS45 and OsMADS7. The high level of identity between AOM1 and AOM4 made impossible the preparation of probes specific for one single gene, so the hybridisation signal previously described for AOM1 is probably due to the expression of both genes. The expression profile of AOM3 and AOM1/AOM4 during flower development is identical, and similar to that of the SEP genes. Asparagus genes, however, are expressed not only in flower organs, but also in the different meristem present on the apical region of the shoot during the flowering season: the apical meristem and the three lateral meristems emerging from the leaf axillary region that will give rise to flowers and lateral inflorescences during flowering season, and to phylloclades and branches during the subsequent vegetative phase. The expression of AOM3 and AOM1/AOM4 in these meristems appears to be correlated with the reproductive function of the apex as the hybridisation signal disappears when the apex switches to vegetative function.
|Titolo:||AOM3 and AOM4 : two MADS box genes expressed in reproductive structures of Asparagus officinalis|
|Parole Chiave:||Asparagus officinalis ; MADS box genes ; reproductive and vegetative meristems ; AOM3 ; AOM4|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/01 - Botanica Generale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||gen-2004|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s00497-003-0199-z|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|