Purpose: Focal cortical dysplasia (FCD) is one of the major causes of drug-resistant epilepsy. Surgery has proved to be the treatment of choice, however up to a third of patients experience only partial resection. Ill-defined borders and lesions embedded in eloquent areas are two of the main drawbacks of FCD surgery. Preliminary experiences with intraoperative ultrasound (ioUS) have proved its feasibility and potential. We analyzed FCD’ ioUS findings in our patients with FCD and compared them with magnetic resonance (MRI) ones. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed all records of patients with focal medically refractory epilepsy who underwent ioUS guided surgery between November 2014 and October 2017. Lesions other than FCD or FCD associated with other pathological entities were not considered. Patients’ preoperative MRI and ioUS features were analyzed according to up-to-date literature and than compared. Results: A homogeneous population of five patients with type IIb FCD was evaluated. Focal cortical thickening and cortical ribbon hyper-intensity, blurring of the grey-white matter junction and hyper-intensity of the subcortical white matter on T2-weighted/FLAIR images were present in all patients. Cortical features had a complete concordance between ioUS and MRI. In particular ioUS thickening and hyper-echogenicity of cortical ribbon were identified in all cases (100%). Contrary, hyper-echoic subcortical white matter was detected in 60% of the patients. IoUS images resulted in clearer lesion borders than MRI images. Conclusion: Our study confirms the potentials of ioUS as a valuable diagnostic tool to guide FCD surgeries.

Intraoperative ultrasonography (ioUS) characteristics of focal cortical dysplasia (FCD) type II b / F. Prada, A.G. Gennari, M. Del Bene, B.C. Bono, E. Quaia, L. D'Incerti, F. Villani, G. Didato, G. Tringali, F. Dimeco. - In: SEIZURE. - ISSN 1059-1311. - 69(2019 Jul), pp. 80-86. [10.1016/j.seizure.2019.02.020]

Intraoperative ultrasonography (ioUS) characteristics of focal cortical dysplasia (FCD) type II b

Del Bene M.;Villani F.;DiMeco F.
2019-07

Abstract

Purpose: Focal cortical dysplasia (FCD) is one of the major causes of drug-resistant epilepsy. Surgery has proved to be the treatment of choice, however up to a third of patients experience only partial resection. Ill-defined borders and lesions embedded in eloquent areas are two of the main drawbacks of FCD surgery. Preliminary experiences with intraoperative ultrasound (ioUS) have proved its feasibility and potential. We analyzed FCD’ ioUS findings in our patients with FCD and compared them with magnetic resonance (MRI) ones. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed all records of patients with focal medically refractory epilepsy who underwent ioUS guided surgery between November 2014 and October 2017. Lesions other than FCD or FCD associated with other pathological entities were not considered. Patients’ preoperative MRI and ioUS features were analyzed according to up-to-date literature and than compared. Results: A homogeneous population of five patients with type IIb FCD was evaluated. Focal cortical thickening and cortical ribbon hyper-intensity, blurring of the grey-white matter junction and hyper-intensity of the subcortical white matter on T2-weighted/FLAIR images were present in all patients. Cortical features had a complete concordance between ioUS and MRI. In particular ioUS thickening and hyper-echogenicity of cortical ribbon were identified in all cases (100%). Contrary, hyper-echoic subcortical white matter was detected in 60% of the patients. IoUS images resulted in clearer lesion borders than MRI images. Conclusion: Our study confirms the potentials of ioUS as a valuable diagnostic tool to guide FCD surgeries.
epilepsy; epilepsy surgery; focal cortical dysplasia; image guidance; intraoperative ultrasound; magnetic resonance imaging
Settore MED/27 - Neurochirurgia
SEIZURE
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/653459
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