Rapid and reliable measurement of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity is of crucial importance to the pharmacodynamic monitoring of anticholinesterase drugs. A new assay has been developed to measure AChE from 10 mu l samples of capillary blood. AChE activity was calculated from the change in pH of the reaction medium caused by the hydrolysis of acetylcholine and measured with a highly sensitive differential pH apparatus (CL-10, Eurochem, Rome, Italy). Interference by butyrylcholinesterase was eliminated by a specific inhibitor, quinidine sulfate. The assay lasts 1 min. The coefficient of variation (CV) for replicated measurements was 2.8% (3267 U/L, n = 33). Linearity ranged from 0 to 10,000 U/L. The correlation coefficient between the new technique and Ellman's colorimetric method on washed erythrocytes was r = 0.987 (y = 1.299x - 63, n = 29). The correlation coefficient between assays on capillary and venous samples was r = 0.979 (y = 0.974x + 174, n = 47). A cross-laboratory validation study was performed in 10 centers using glycerol-stabilized hemolysates with normal and reduced AChE activity. Samples were assayed in triplicate. The within- and between-laboratory CVs for samples with normal AChE activity (6,018 U/L) were 2.2 and 8.1%, respectively. The new method was applied to a double-blind, placebo-controlled multicenter study of eptastigmine in Alzheimer patients and proved to be a simple, noninvasive, rapid, and reliable method for pharmacodynamic monitoring of this drug.
|Titolo:||A patient-side technique for real-time measurement of acetylcholinesterase activity during monitoring of eptastigmine treatment|
MOSCA, ANDREA (Primo)
ONELLI, ELISABETTA (Secondo)
LUZZANA, MASSIMO ROBERTO (Penultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Acetylcholinesterase; Alzheimer's disease; Cholinesterase inhibitors; Eptastigmine; Heptylphysostigmine|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1995|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|