Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD) is a rare non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis, to whose pathogenesis neoplastic and immune-mediated mechanisms contribute. Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)-inhibitors have antiproliferative and immunosuppressive properties. We tested in this study, the efficacy and safety of the mTOR-inhibitor sirolimus (SRL) plus prednisone (PDN) in patients with ECD. PDN was given initially at 0.75 mg/kg per day, tapered to 5 to 2.5 mg per day by month 6. Target SRL blood levels were 8 to 12 ng/mL. Treatment was continued for at least 24 months in patients who showed disease stabilization or improvement. Ten patients were enrolled; 8 achieved stable disease or objective responses, whereas 2 had disease progression. Responses were mainly observed at the following sites: retroperitoneum in 5/8 patients (62.5%), cardiovascular in 3/4 (75%), bone in 3/9 (33.3%), and central nervous system (CNS) in 1/3 (33.3%). The median follow-up was 29 months (interquartile range, 16.5-74.5); 2 patients died of progressive CNS disease and small-cell lung cancer, respectively. Treatment-related toxicity was mild. Using immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence on ECD biopsies, we detected expression in foamy histiocytes of the phosphorylated forms of mTOR and of its downstream kinase p70S6K, which indicated mTOR pathway activation. In conclusion, SRL and PDN often induce objective responses or disease stabilization and may represent a valid treatment of ECD.
Sirolimus plus prednisone for Erdheim-Chester disease: an open-label trial / D. Gianfreda, M. Nicastro, M. Galetti, F. Alberici, D. Corradi, G. Becchi, G. Baldari, M. De Filippo, S. Ferretti, G. Moroni, R. Foti, M. Di Gangi, G. Jeannin, R. Saffroy, J. Emile, C. Buzio, A. Vaglio. - In: BLOOD. - ISSN 0006-4971. - 126:10(2015), pp. 1163-1171.
|Titolo:||Sirolimus plus prednisone for Erdheim-Chester disease: an open-label trial|
|Parole Chiave:||NRAS mutation; efficacy; vemurafenib; involvement; guidelines; alpha|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/14 - Nefrologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1182/blood-2015-01-620377|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|