We studied leptin content in bovine colostrum, milk and plasma during the first month of lactation, and investigated relationships between selected milk components and milk leptin in five multiparous dairy cows. Colostrum/milk yield and composition were measured on days 0, 10, 20, and 30 of lactation. Leptin was assayed using a multi-species leptin RIA kit. Leptin concentration was 56 % lower in mature milk (day 10) than colostrum (13.90 vs. 6.14 µg/l; p < 0.001), but remained steady over the twenty days afterwards. Daily secretion of leptin into mature milk was 28 % lower than into colostrum (173.2 µg/d vs. 220.0 µg/d; p = 0.09) notwithstanding an 80 % increase in production. Colostrum and milk leptin levels correlated with fat (0.90; p < 0.001) and choline phospholipid (0.76; p < 0.05). Plasma and milk leptin decreased during the first month, but remained higher in milk, and highest in colostrum. Thus, leptin is present in large quantities in colostrum, less so and more variably in untreated milk, and is likely to be decreased in skimmed milk. These findings have implications for the use of untreated milk and colostrum-based (functional) food products.
|Titolo:||Leptin in bovine colostrum and milk|
|Autori interni:||ROSI, FABIA (Ultimo)|
PINOTTI, LUCIANO (Primo)
|Parole Chiave:||Cow; Leptin; Plasma; Unprocessed colostrum; Unprocessed milk|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/18 - Nutrizione e Alimentazione Animale|
Settore VET/01 - Anatomia degli Animali Domestici
|Data di pubblicazione:||2006|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1055/s-2006-925119|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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