Decision-making is configured as a very complex construct that it is influenced by different variables (Rilling & Sanfey, 2011; Fehr & Camerer 2007; Wang, Liu, & Ruhe, 2004) such as emotions and cognitive evaluation (Frith & Singer 2008; Sanfey, Loewenstein, McClure, & Cohen, 2006; Groot et al., 2017; Stallen, Smidts, A., & Sanfey, 2013), that allows individuals to consider personal interests, possible losses or rewards, and the ethical and moral choices implications. Specifically, this study aimed to evaluate the decision-making on a sample of 32 participants who were asked to make choices in two different action contexts: economic and moral. To this aim, a task, consisting of a modified version of the Ultimatum Game was administered to evaluate participants’ choices. Specifically, the economic context proposed to divide a sum of money provided as compensation for a work done together; while the moral context proposed to support a colleague’s family who is facing health issues. Within the two conditions three types of offers were presented: neutral, advantageous or disadvantageous. In the neutral condition, an offer was proposed that provided for a fair sharing of money between the two parties, in the advantageous condition a favorable offer was proposed for the subject, and finally, in the disadvantageous condition, the opposite occurred. Participants' neural activity was recorded continuously through the use of near-infrared functional spectroscopy (fNIRS). The levels of oxygenated (O2Hb) and deoxygenated (HHb) hemoglobin were observed in the prefrontal cortex (Gabay, Radua, Kempton, & Mehta, 2014; Rogers, Hazlewood, Blevis, & Lim, 2004; Phan, Wager, Taylor, & Liberzon, 2002). Results showed the recruitment of distinct and specific neural networks within the prefrontal and frontal areas, according to the different conditions and offer types. Results will be discussed by framing the different scenarios with some psychological, motivational and social issues related to decision-making.
Decision-Making in Economic and Moral Contexts : evidence from Social Neuroscience / M. Balconi, G. Fronda, F. Meroni, M.E. Vanutelli, C. Lucchiari. ((Intervento presentato al convegno 11th International Scientific Conference on Neuroethics; 6th Conference of the Italian Society for Neuroethics (SINe) tenutosi a Milano nel 2019.
|Titolo:||Decision-Making in Economic and Moral Contexts : evidence from Social Neuroscience|
|Data di pubblicazione:||17-mag-2019|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore M-PSI/01 - Psicologia Generale|
Settore M-PSI/02 - Psicobiologia e Psicologia Fisiologica
|Citazione:||Decision-Making in Economic and Moral Contexts : evidence from Social Neuroscience / M. Balconi, G. Fronda, F. Meroni, M.E. Vanutelli, C. Lucchiari. ((Intervento presentato al convegno 11th International Scientific Conference on Neuroethics; 6th Conference of the Italian Society for Neuroethics (SINe) tenutosi a Milano nel 2019.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||14 - Intervento a convegno non pubblicato|