Food-borne alkenylbenzenes are potential risks for human health because they are known to induce liver tumors in rodent bioassays at high dose levels. This carcinogenicity is ascribed to the conversion of their 1′-hydroxymetabolites to the ultimate DNA reactive and carcinogenic 1′-sulfoxymetabolites. The aim of this study was to investigate the in vitro genotoxicity of some botanical extracts used as Plant Food Supplements (PFS) and to compare it with the individual substances, estragole, safrole and their 1′-hydroxy-derivative activity. The genotoxicity of the PFSs was evaluated in HepG2 cell line by comet and micronucleus assays. Unlike the 1′-hydroxy derivatives, PFS extracts and parent alkenylbenzenes did not show genotoxicity at any of the tested concentrations. The sulfotransferase inhibitor pentachlorophenol (PCP) reduced the 1′-hydroxy compound-induced response in the comet and micronucleus assays, thus confirming that the formation of sulfoxy-metabolites is essential for inducing genotoxic effects. When the cells were treated with hydroxylated alkenylbenzenes in the presence of PFSs, a reduction in genotoxic activity of synthetic compounds was observed.
Effect of plant extracts on the genotoxicity of 1′-hydroxy alkenylbenzenes / L. Marabini, C.L. Galli, P. La Fauci, M. Marinovich. - In: REGULATORY TOXICOLOGY AND PHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 0273-2300. - 105(2019), pp. 36-41.
|Titolo:||Effect of plant extracts on the genotoxicity of 1′-hydroxy alkenylbenzenes|
MARABINI, LAURA (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||Botanical preparations; Estragole; Genotoxicity; Matrix effect; Plant food supplements; Safrole; Toxicology|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Progetto:||Plant food supplements: Levels of Intake, Benefit and Risk Assessment|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yrtph.2019.03.017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|