To increase the sustainable reuse of animal manure as fertiliser, in many cases suitable treatment techniques are needed to modify the composition and obtain a balanced nutrient content. This study was conducted to evaluate the best strategies to remove solids, P, Cu and Zn, using two additives Ca(OH) 2 and Al 2 (SO 4 ) 3 , in combination with an ammonia stripping process. The assessment was carried out on five type of liquid fractions derived from the mechanical separation of: raw pig slurry, pig digested slurry, pig digested slurry after ammonia stripping, pig and cattle digested slurry, pig and cattle digested slurry after ammonia stripping. After the addition of the chemicals, the liquid fractions were mixed and then separated using a static filter. The contents of total solids P, Cu and Zn were determined. The additives effectively improved separation efficiencies which depended on the type of slurry and additive used. The P separation efficiencies ranged from 72% to 93% using Al 2 (SO 4 ) 3 , and from 20 to 74% using Ca(OH) 2 . The use of Al 2 (SO 4 ) 3 always had a more consistent effect on the removal efficiencies than Ca(OH) 2 . The ammonia stripping process, reducing the alkalinity of the digested liquid fractions, facilitated a higher concentration of elements in the separated fraction. With the addition of Al 2 (SO 4 ) 3 to digestate after stripping the concentration of P, Cu and Zn in the solid fraction generally increased when compared to the same liquid fraction without stripping. The addition of Ca(OH) 2 might be effective in removing P before the stripping process with the additional benefit to raise pH and improve the ammonia removal efficiency. These findings indicate that solid-liquid separation of animal manure slurries, assisted by chemical additives and coupled with ammonia stripping, can be a viable option for improving the sustainable use of animal manure as a fertiliser.

Effect of ammonia stripping and use of additives on separation of solids, phosphorus, copper and zinc from liquid fractions of animal slurries / M. Cattaneo, A. Finzi, V. Guido, E. Riva, G. Provolo. - In: SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT. - ISSN 0048-9697. - 672(2019), pp. 30-39.

Effect of ammonia stripping and use of additives on separation of solids, phosphorus, copper and zinc from liquid fractions of animal slurries

M. Cattaneo
Primo
;
A. Finzi;V. Guido;E. Riva;G. Provolo
Ultimo
2019

Abstract

To increase the sustainable reuse of animal manure as fertiliser, in many cases suitable treatment techniques are needed to modify the composition and obtain a balanced nutrient content. This study was conducted to evaluate the best strategies to remove solids, P, Cu and Zn, using two additives Ca(OH) 2 and Al 2 (SO 4 ) 3 , in combination with an ammonia stripping process. The assessment was carried out on five type of liquid fractions derived from the mechanical separation of: raw pig slurry, pig digested slurry, pig digested slurry after ammonia stripping, pig and cattle digested slurry, pig and cattle digested slurry after ammonia stripping. After the addition of the chemicals, the liquid fractions were mixed and then separated using a static filter. The contents of total solids P, Cu and Zn were determined. The additives effectively improved separation efficiencies which depended on the type of slurry and additive used. The P separation efficiencies ranged from 72% to 93% using Al 2 (SO 4 ) 3 , and from 20 to 74% using Ca(OH) 2 . The use of Al 2 (SO 4 ) 3 always had a more consistent effect on the removal efficiencies than Ca(OH) 2 . The ammonia stripping process, reducing the alkalinity of the digested liquid fractions, facilitated a higher concentration of elements in the separated fraction. With the addition of Al 2 (SO 4 ) 3 to digestate after stripping the concentration of P, Cu and Zn in the solid fraction generally increased when compared to the same liquid fraction without stripping. The addition of Ca(OH) 2 might be effective in removing P before the stripping process with the additional benefit to raise pH and improve the ammonia removal efficiency. These findings indicate that solid-liquid separation of animal manure slurries, assisted by chemical additives and coupled with ammonia stripping, can be a viable option for improving the sustainable use of animal manure as a fertiliser.
Solid-liquid separation; Calcium hydroxide; Aluminium sulfate; Heavy metals; Manure; Nitrogen removal
Settore AGR/10 - Costruzioni Rurali e Territorio Agroforestale
Innovative Manure Management and Treatment Techniques to Reduce Nutrient Nonpoint Source Pollution of Waters in intensive Livestock areas - Tecniche innovative di gestione e trattamento degli effluenti per la riduzione dell'inquinamento diffuso delle acque in aree ad alta intensità zootecnica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/640941
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