Mesoporous silica nanoparticles carrying different loadings of tertiary amine and thiourea residues (residues ratios 53/47, 68/32, and 22/78, respectively) were synthesized by the co-condensation method and fully characterized by CP MAS NMR, powder XRD, SEM, BET, BJH and FT-IR techniques. These materials were tested as bifunctional catalysts in the conjugate addition of acetylacetone to 2-nitrostyrene, a reaction that under solvent-free conditions occurred in quantitative yield. By carrying out several experiments with the bifunctional catalysts featuring different molar ratios of active sites, and with different combinations of monofunctional supported and non-supported catalyst, the co-operativity of the tertiary amine and thiourea residues in catalyzing the reaction was demonstrated. The use of the bifunctional catalyst was extended to the addition of acetylacetone to an activated imine. Catalyst recycling for a total of three reaction cycles was demonstrated without significant erosion of activity.
|Titolo:||Hybrid inorganic-organic materials carrying tertiary amine and thiourea residues tethered on mesoporous silica nanoparticles : synthesis, characterization and cooperative catalysis|
|Parole Chiave:||Catalyst recycling; Co-operative catalysis; Mesoporous materials; Organic catalysis; Organic-inorganic hybrid composites|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/02 - Chimica Fisica|
Settore CHIM/06 - Chimica Organica
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1002/adsc.200800635|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|