Among other factors, fetal growth requires maternal supply of cholesterol. Cellular cholesterol uptake is mainly mediated by the LDL receptor (LDL-R) and the scavenger receptor family. We hypothesized that expression levels of key receptors of these families were regulated differently in placentas from IUGR pregnancies with varying degrees of severity. Third-trimester placentas from IUGR pregnancies with (IUGR-S) and without (IUGR-M) fetal hemodynamic changes and from control (AGA) pregnancies were studied. LDL-R, LDL-Rrelated protein (LRP-1), and scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI) mRNA and protein levels were measured. Cholesterol concentration and composition of lipoproteins were analyzed enzymatically and by lipid electrophoresis, respectively, in maternal and umbilical cord blood. LDL-R mRNA levels in IUGR-M were similar to AGA but lower (P ! 0.05) in IUGR-S. In contrast, LDL-R protein was twofold (IUGR-M) and 1.8-fold (IUGR-S) higher (P ! 0.05) than in the AGA group. LRP-1 mRNA and protein levels were not altered in the IUGR cases. SR-BI mRNA was unchanged in IUGR, but protein levels were lower (P ! 0.05) in IUGR-S than in the other groups. Maternal plasma concentrations of LDL cholesterol were higher (P ! 0.05) in the AGA group (188.5 " 23.6 mg/dl) than in the IUGR-S group (154.2 " 26.1). Electrophoretic mobility of the LDL fraction in maternal plasma demonstrated significant changes in migration toward higher values (AGA 0.95 " 0.06, IUGR-M 1.12 " 0.11, P ! 0.001; IUGR-S 1.28 " 0.20, P # 0.002). We conclude that LDL-R and SR-BI levels are altered in IUGR pregnancies. These differences were associated with changes in LDL, but not HDL, mobility and cholesterol concentration in maternal circulation.
|Titolo:||Intrauterine growth restriction is associated with alterations in placental lipoprotein receptors and maternal lipoprotein composition|
|Parole Chiave:||Fetal growth; Lipids; Placenta; Pregnancy|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/40 - Ginecologia e Ostetricia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1152/ajpendo.00547.2005|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|