Purpose: We aim to provide a comprehensive overview of the health consequences of female genital mutila- tion/cutting (FGM/C), with a particular focus on the psychosexual implications of this practice and the overall impact of reconstructive plastic surgery. Methods: A MEDLINE search through PubMed was performed to identify the best quality evidence published studies in English language on long-term health consequences of FGM/C. Results: Women with FGM/C are more likely to develop psychological disorders, such as post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety, somatization, phobia, and low self-esteem, than those without FGM/C. Most studies showed impaired sexual function in women with FGM/C. In particular, women with FGM/C may be physiologically less capable of becoming sexually stimulated than uncut women. Reconstructive surgery could be beneficial, in terms of both enhanced sexual function and body image. However, prospective studies on the impact of re- constructive surgery are limited, and safety issues should be addressed. Conclusion: Although it is clear that FGM/C can cause devastating immediate and long-term health conse- quences for girls and women, high-quality data on these issues are limited. Psychosexual complications need to be further analyzed to provide evidence-based guidelines and to improve the health care of women and girls with FGM/C. The best treatment approach involves a multidisciplinary team to deal with the multifaceted FGM/C repercussions.
Psychosexual consequences of female genital mutilation and the impact of reconstructive surgery : a narrative review / L. Buggio, F. Facchin, L. Chiappa, G. Barbara, M. Brambilla, P. Vercellini. - In: HEALTH EQUITY. - ISSN 2473-1242. - 3:1(2019 Feb), pp. 36-46.
|Titolo:||Psychosexual consequences of female genital mutilation and the impact of reconstructive surgery : a narrative review|
BUGGIO, LAURA (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||clitoral reconstruction; female genital cutting; female genital mutilation; FGM/C; psychological complications; sexual function|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/40 - Ginecologia e Ostetricia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||feb-2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/heq.2018.0036|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|