Essentials Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a life-threatening disease. Surgery is a possible trigger of acute TTP episodes and no guidelines are available. Six patients with severe ADAMTS-13 deficiency during remission underwent elective surgery. Patients were prophylactically treated to restore ADAMTS-13 activity and no relapses occurred. SUMMARY: Background Severe ADAMTS-13 deficiency has been recognized as the main risk factor for recurrence of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP). Several conditions, including surgery, may influence the levels of ultra-large von Willebrand factor and ADAMTS-13, acting as a trigger for an acute TTP event. Objectives To report our experience of management of six patients with acquired TTP who underwent elective surgery after prophylactic treatment to restore ADAMTS-13 activity levels. Patients Six patients followed for acquired TTP with severe ADAMTS-13 deficiency during remission were candidates for seven elective surgeries (inguinal hernioplasty, cholecystectomy, laparoscopic hysterectomy, oophorectomy, parotidectomy and two total hip arthroplasties). Results Four patients were treated with prophylactic plasma exchange (PEX) therapy immediately before surgery. One patient was treated with PEX therapy before her first surgery and with preemptive rituximab once her second surgery was scheduled. Because rituximab increased ADAMTS-13 levels only partially, she required one PEX procedure the day before her second surgery. One patient was treated with azathioprine after rituximab failure, obtaining a progressive increase of ADAMTS-13 activity to more than 40%. This level allowed her to undergo total hip arthroplasty without additional treatment. All surgeries were successful and no complications or relapses occurred. Conclusions Six patients with acquired TTP underwent seven successful surgical procedures using prophylaxis to restore ADAMTS-13 activity. Further observational studies or randomized clinical trials are needed to confirm whether prophylactic PEX could be the key factor in preventing relapse.

Prevention of relapse in patients with acquired thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura undergoing elective surgery: a case series / S. Arcudi, B. Ferrari, S. Pontiggia, A. Tufano, A. Artoni, I. Mancini, F. Peyvandi. - In: JOURNAL OF THROMBOSIS AND HAEMOSTASIS. - ISSN 1538-7933. - 17:3(2019 Mar), pp. 492-498. [10.1111/jth.14381]

Prevention of relapse in patients with acquired thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura undergoing elective surgery: a case series

S. Arcudi
Primo
;
B. Ferrari
Secondo
;
A. Artoni;I. Mancini;F. Peyvandi
Ultimo
2019-03

Abstract

Essentials Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a life-threatening disease. Surgery is a possible trigger of acute TTP episodes and no guidelines are available. Six patients with severe ADAMTS-13 deficiency during remission underwent elective surgery. Patients were prophylactically treated to restore ADAMTS-13 activity and no relapses occurred. SUMMARY: Background Severe ADAMTS-13 deficiency has been recognized as the main risk factor for recurrence of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP). Several conditions, including surgery, may influence the levels of ultra-large von Willebrand factor and ADAMTS-13, acting as a trigger for an acute TTP event. Objectives To report our experience of management of six patients with acquired TTP who underwent elective surgery after prophylactic treatment to restore ADAMTS-13 activity levels. Patients Six patients followed for acquired TTP with severe ADAMTS-13 deficiency during remission were candidates for seven elective surgeries (inguinal hernioplasty, cholecystectomy, laparoscopic hysterectomy, oophorectomy, parotidectomy and two total hip arthroplasties). Results Four patients were treated with prophylactic plasma exchange (PEX) therapy immediately before surgery. One patient was treated with PEX therapy before her first surgery and with preemptive rituximab once her second surgery was scheduled. Because rituximab increased ADAMTS-13 levels only partially, she required one PEX procedure the day before her second surgery. One patient was treated with azathioprine after rituximab failure, obtaining a progressive increase of ADAMTS-13 activity to more than 40%. This level allowed her to undergo total hip arthroplasty without additional treatment. All surgeries were successful and no complications or relapses occurred. Conclusions Six patients with acquired TTP underwent seven successful surgical procedures using prophylaxis to restore ADAMTS-13 activity. Further observational studies or randomized clinical trials are needed to confirm whether prophylactic PEX could be the key factor in preventing relapse.
ADAMTS13 Protein; General Surgery; Plasmapheresis; Purpura, Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic; von Willebrand Factor
Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna
10-gen-2019
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Arcudi_et_al-2019-Journal_of_Thrombosis_and_Haemostasis (7).pdf

accesso riservato

Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 139.5 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
139.5 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/622179
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 1
social impact