Purpose: Iodine deficiency still remains a significant health issue worldwide. Pregnant and lactating women are at risk for iodine deficiency when living in mild iodine-deficient areas such as Italy. This study aims at evaluating the consumption of iodized salt, iodine-rich-foods and maternal micronutrient supplements in a group of women with limited access to the Italian National Health System. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among immigrant and Italian women living in poverty and referring to 40 Non-Governmental Organization throughout Italy for their health needs. 3483 women answered the ad hoc questionnaire between January 2017 and February 2018. Results: The consumption of iodized salt was very low, and even lower among immigrant women. Determinants of iodized salt consumption were the period spent in Italy for immigrant women and living in a family-type setting, parity and, particularly, the degree of education for Italian ones. 17.5% of immigrant women and 8.6% of the Italian ones reported a diagnosis of thyroid disease. 521 women, 75.4% of whom were immigrants, were pregnant or breast-feeding. The majority (57.3%) had no specific maternal supplementation. Conclusions: Both Italian and immigrating women with a low income or without access to the public health system have a poor adherence both to the salt iodization policy and to folic acid and iodine supplements in preconception and pregnancy. They also referred a low-frequency intake of iodine-rich-foods. The identification of barriers to health care access could be useful to promote specific health interventions in this target population.

Poverty and immigration as a barrier to iodine intake and maternal adherence to iodine supplementation / F. Magri, F. Zerbini, M. Gaiti, V. Capelli, L. Croce, S. Bini, A.E. Rigamonti, G. Fiorini, S.G. Cella, L. Chiovato. - In: JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION. - ISSN 0391-4097. - (2018). [Epub ahead of print] [10.1007/s40618-018-0938-5]

Poverty and immigration as a barrier to iodine intake and maternal adherence to iodine supplementation

F. Magri;S. Bini;A.E. Rigamonti;S.G. Cella;
2018

Abstract

Purpose: Iodine deficiency still remains a significant health issue worldwide. Pregnant and lactating women are at risk for iodine deficiency when living in mild iodine-deficient areas such as Italy. This study aims at evaluating the consumption of iodized salt, iodine-rich-foods and maternal micronutrient supplements in a group of women with limited access to the Italian National Health System. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among immigrant and Italian women living in poverty and referring to 40 Non-Governmental Organization throughout Italy for their health needs. 3483 women answered the ad hoc questionnaire between January 2017 and February 2018. Results: The consumption of iodized salt was very low, and even lower among immigrant women. Determinants of iodized salt consumption were the period spent in Italy for immigrant women and living in a family-type setting, parity and, particularly, the degree of education for Italian ones. 17.5% of immigrant women and 8.6% of the Italian ones reported a diagnosis of thyroid disease. 521 women, 75.4% of whom were immigrants, were pregnant or breast-feeding. The majority (57.3%) had no specific maternal supplementation. Conclusions: Both Italian and immigrating women with a low income or without access to the public health system have a poor adherence both to the salt iodization policy and to folic acid and iodine supplements in preconception and pregnancy. They also referred a low-frequency intake of iodine-rich-foods. The identification of barriers to health care access could be useful to promote specific health interventions in this target population.
Iodine intake; Iodine supplementation; Thyroid diseases; Woman health; Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism; Endocrinology
Settore MED/13 - Endocrinologia
Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/613723
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