The vascular consequences of estrogen treatment may be driven by its initiation timing. We tested the hypothesis that the duration of ovarian hormone deprivation before estrogen reintroduction affects the role of estrogen as mediator of endothelial function and vascular relaxation in nondiseased vessels. Rats were ovariectomized and implanted with 17β-estradiol (E2) or oil capsules 1, 4, and 8 months after surgery. After the longest hypoestrogenicity period, acetylcholine-mediated aortic relaxation was attenuated and insensitive to E2 administration despite endothelial integrity. Whereas no rapid vasorelaxant responses were elicited by an estrogen receptor (ER) β-selective agonist, responses to E2 and an ERα selective agonist waned postovariectomy at any given time and were restored by E2 treatment after 1 and 4 months but not 8 months postovariectomy. Accordingly, endothelial ERα mRNA and protein expression declined ≈6-fold after prolonged hypoestrogenicity and was restored by estrogen replacement starting 1 month but not 8 months postovariectomy. Furthermore, the amount of active phosphorylated endothelial NO synthase rose significantly after E2 replacement after 1 and 4 months but not 8 months postovariectomy. The present findings document that the functional impairment of the ERα/endothelial NO synthase signaling network after an extended period of hypoestrogenicity was not restored by E2 administration, providing experimental support to early initiation of estrogen replacement with preferential ERα targeting to improve cardiovascular outcomes.

Prolonged ovarian hormone deprivation impairs the protective vascular actions of estrogen receptor alpha Agonists / C. Pinna, A. Cignarella, P. Sanvito, V. Pelosi, C. Bolego. - In: HYPERTENSION. - ISSN 0194-911X. - 51:4(2008 Apr), pp. 1210-1217.

Prolonged ovarian hormone deprivation impairs the protective vascular actions of estrogen receptor alpha Agonists

C. Pinna
Primo
;
A. Cignarella
Secondo
;
C. Bolego
Ultimo
2008-04

Abstract

The vascular consequences of estrogen treatment may be driven by its initiation timing. We tested the hypothesis that the duration of ovarian hormone deprivation before estrogen reintroduction affects the role of estrogen as mediator of endothelial function and vascular relaxation in nondiseased vessels. Rats were ovariectomized and implanted with 17β-estradiol (E2) or oil capsules 1, 4, and 8 months after surgery. After the longest hypoestrogenicity period, acetylcholine-mediated aortic relaxation was attenuated and insensitive to E2 administration despite endothelial integrity. Whereas no rapid vasorelaxant responses were elicited by an estrogen receptor (ER) β-selective agonist, responses to E2 and an ERα selective agonist waned postovariectomy at any given time and were restored by E2 treatment after 1 and 4 months but not 8 months postovariectomy. Accordingly, endothelial ERα mRNA and protein expression declined ≈6-fold after prolonged hypoestrogenicity and was restored by estrogen replacement starting 1 month but not 8 months postovariectomy. Furthermore, the amount of active phosphorylated endothelial NO synthase rose significantly after E2 replacement after 1 and 4 months but not 8 months postovariectomy. The present findings document that the functional impairment of the ERα/endothelial NO synthase signaling network after an extended period of hypoestrogenicity was not restored by E2 administration, providing experimental support to early initiation of estrogen replacement with preferential ERα targeting to improve cardiovascular outcomes.
Endothelium; Hormones; NO synthase; Pharmacology; Receptors
Settore BIO/15 - Biologia Farmaceutica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/60472
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