Experimental and clinical evidence has highlighted that tumor-associated macrophages (TAM) represent the principal component of the leukocyte infiltrate and are usually associated with tumour growth, progression and metastasis. Macrophage population is generally divided into two distinct subsets: M1 and M2. M1 macrophages act as a first line of defence against pathogens whereas M2 cells participate in wound repair and maintenance of tissue integrity. In the tumour micro-environment TAM interactions with the extracellular matrix, neighboring cells, and soluble stimuli largely influence their gene expression and behavior. To investigate the role of the tumor micro-environment on macrophage differentiation, we cultured freshly isolated human monocytes with pancreatic cancer cell line supernatants, in the absence of exogenous cytokine addition.. In selected cultures, about 50% of the monocytes differentiated after 5 days into macrophages. The phenotype analysis of tumor-conditioned macrophages (TC-macro) demonstrated high expression of the mannose receptor, CD16, CD68 and low levels of MHC class II. TC-macro produced IL-10, IL-6, TNF but not IL-12, even after LPS stimulation. Moreover, TC-macro produced a panel of chemokines including CCL2, CXCL8, CCL17 and CXCL10. The transcriptional profile of TC-macro revealed that several genes in line with an M2 polarization are highly expressed. The nature of the tumor-derived factors inducing macrophage differentiation is currently under investigation; biochemical analysis indicated that the biological activity is excluded from exosomes and have a high molecular weight (>100.000 KDa). IL-3 and IL-6 were not detectable in tumor supernatants whereas M-CSF was present at low levels. By mass spectrometric techniques, we surprisingly found that the tumor-derived M-CSF had peculiar migration patterns which were different from those expected for the common human homodimeric glycosilated protein, suggesting an interesting structural differences for the tumor-secreted isoforms of this primary regulator of mononuclear phagocyte. The characterization of tumor-derived factors inducing macrophage differentiation could better clarify the intricate cross-talk between tumor cells and macrophages and thus might aid in the process of devising novel anti-tumor treatments.
|Titolo:||Tumour-derived high molecular weight M-CSF induces monocyte differentiation into M2- polarized macrophages|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/04 - Patologia Generale|
|Enti collegati al convegno:||European Macrophage and Dendritic Cell Society (EMDS)|
|Citazione:||Tumour-derived high molecular weight M-CSF induces monocyte differentiation into M2- polarized macrophages / G. Solinas, F. Marchesi, M. Fabbri, S. Schiarea, C. Chiabrando, A. Mantovani, P. Allavena. ((Intervento presentato al 22. convegno Annual Meeting Diversity and Plasticity of the Innate Immune Response tenutosi a Brescia nel 2008.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||14 - Intervento a convegno non pubblicato|