The purine synthesis pathways are essential for the life cycle of many pathogenic organisms in mammals. Most parasites lack the necessary enzymes for de novo synthesis of purines, using instead the salvage pathways as their only source of these substrates. The transporters and enzymes involved in the salvage pathways are considered good targets for chemotherapy agents and purine analogs, which are used in the treatment of several diseases (1). The enzymes catalyzing the hydrolysis of glycosidic bonds of nucleosides have an essential role in the purine salvage pathway of Plasmodium, the parasite causing malaria, and can therefore be considered as potential therapeutic targets for antimalarial drugs (2). New inhibitors of the plasmodial adenosine deaminase (PfADA), purine nucleoside phosphorylase (PfPNP) and hypoxantine-guanosine-xantine phosphoribosyl transferase (PfHGXPRT) are currently investigated for this purpose. In addition, PfPNP activity can be used for the activation of pro-drugs, which can be channeled through PfHGXPRT. The resulting metabolites would be toxic for the parasite, as they could be incorporated to RNA/DNA hampering transcription/translation or replication.
|Titolo:||Inhibition of Plasmodium falciparum intraerythrocytic cycle by purine analogs|
|Data di pubblicazione:||set-2016|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/06 - Chimica Organica|
Settore CHIM/08 - Chimica Farmaceutica
|Enti collegati al convegno:||SEBBM|
|Citazione:||Inhibition of Plasmodium falciparum intraerythrocytic cycle by purine analogs / L. Sánchez Vega, S. Pérez Benvente, R. de la Cámara, D. Monedero, D. Ubiali, G. Speranza, J.M. Bautista, J. Fernández Lucas, A. Puyet Catalina. ((Intervento presentato al 39. convegno Congreso De La Sociedad Española de Bioquímica y Biología Molecular tenutosi a Salamanca nel 2016.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||14 - Intervento a convegno non pubblicato|