In veterinary medicine, assay performance is often affected by the lack of species-specific diagnostic tools. Reliable biomarkers might be identified by investigating biological fluids of the species of interest, but protein sequence databases are often incomplete and human-specific devices for reducing sample complexity might fail when applied to animal plasma. Here, seven commercial methods based on different capturing agents (anti-human antibodies, affinity ligands, mixture of antibodies and ligands, and combinatorial peptide ligand libraries) were applied to cat plasma and evaluated in terms of yield, identified proteins/ peptides, and relative abundance by high resolution shotgun proteomics and label-free quantitation. As a result, anti-human antibody-based methods were unsatisfactory. Most failed in reducing albumin and immunoglobulins, and some led to a substantial removal of other highly abundant proteins, probably because of nonspecific interactions. A protein A/dye ligand-based method was efficient in reducing immunoglobulins, fibrinogen and apolipoprotein A1 and A2, but not albumin, and protein identifications did not increase. Only peptide ligand libraries flattened the dynamic range, and increased protein identification (59.0%). Albumin and immunoglobulins were successfully depleted (60.7% and 35.9%, respectively). Although further studies will be required for reinforcing our observations, this work can provide a useful guide for cat plasma pretreatment in biomarker discovery studies.

All Cats Are Grey in the Dark: Enrichment/Depletion Approaches for Biomarker Discovery on Felis catus Plasma / L. Carcangiu, S. Pisanu, S. Tore, M.F. Addis, E. Zini, S. Uzzau, D. Pagnozzi. - In: PROTEOMICS. - ISSN 1615-9853. - 18:20(2018 Oct). [10.1002/pmic.201800191]

All Cats Are Grey in the Dark: Enrichment/Depletion Approaches for Biomarker Discovery on Felis catus Plasma

M.F. Addis;
2018-10

Abstract

In veterinary medicine, assay performance is often affected by the lack of species-specific diagnostic tools. Reliable biomarkers might be identified by investigating biological fluids of the species of interest, but protein sequence databases are often incomplete and human-specific devices for reducing sample complexity might fail when applied to animal plasma. Here, seven commercial methods based on different capturing agents (anti-human antibodies, affinity ligands, mixture of antibodies and ligands, and combinatorial peptide ligand libraries) were applied to cat plasma and evaluated in terms of yield, identified proteins/ peptides, and relative abundance by high resolution shotgun proteomics and label-free quantitation. As a result, anti-human antibody-based methods were unsatisfactory. Most failed in reducing albumin and immunoglobulins, and some led to a substantial removal of other highly abundant proteins, probably because of nonspecific interactions. A protein A/dye ligand-based method was efficient in reducing immunoglobulins, fibrinogen and apolipoprotein A1 and A2, but not albumin, and protein identifications did not increase. Only peptide ligand libraries flattened the dynamic range, and increased protein identification (59.0%). Albumin and immunoglobulins were successfully depleted (60.7% and 35.9%, respectively). Although further studies will be required for reinforcing our observations, this work can provide a useful guide for cat plasma pretreatment in biomarker discovery studies.
biomarker discovery; depletion; enrichment; plasma; shotgun proteomics
Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica
Settore BIO/12 - Biochimica Clinica e Biologia Molecolare Clinica
14-set-2018
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/591784
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