Activation of melatonin receptors and inhibition of fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) have both shown potential benefits for the treatment of glaucoma. To exploit the combination of these biological activities in single therapeutic agents, we designed dual-acting compounds sharing the pharmacophore elements required for the two targets, in search for balanced potencies as MT1/MT2 agonists and FAAH inhibitors. In particular, the N-anilinoethylamide scaffold, previously developed for melatonergic ligands, was decorated at meta position with a polymethylene linker bound to an O-arylcarbamate group, substituted according to known structure-activity relationships for FAAH inhibition. For the most active series, the N-anilinoethylamide portion was also replaced with the indole scaffold of melatonin. O-Biphenyl-3-ylcarbamate derivatives were characterized by remarkable and balanced activity at both targets, in the nanomolar range for compound 29. Topical administration reduced elevated intraocular pressure in rabbits, with a longer action and improved efficacy compared to the reference compounds melatonin and URB597.
Identification of Bivalent Ligands with Melatonin Receptor Agonist and Fatty Acid Amide Hydrolase (FAAH) Inhibitory Activity That Exhibit Ocular Hypotensive Effect in the Rabbit / G. Spadoni, A. Bedini, L. Furiassi, M. Mari, M. Mor, L. Scalvini, A. Lodola, A. Ghidini, V. Lucini, S. Dugnani, F. Scaglione, D. Piomelli, K. Jung, C.T. Supuran, L. Lucarini, M. Durante, S. Sgambellone, E. Masini, S. Rivara. - In: JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0022-2623. - 61:17(2018 Sep 13), pp. 7902-7916.
|Titolo:||Identification of Bivalent Ligands with Melatonin Receptor Agonist and Fatty Acid Amide Hydrolase (FAAH) Inhibitory Activity That Exhibit Ocular Hypotensive Effect in the Rabbit|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||13-set-2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jmedchem.8b00893|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|