This study was aimed at characterizing the anthocyanin profile in different varieties of pigmented corn and wheat and in some of their milling fractions, at assessing the anthocyanins and polyphenol profiles, and at investigating the anti-inflammatory and enzyme-inhibiting activities of these materials. Acid/ethanol extracts were used to assess total anthocyanins, overall antioxidant activity, the overall polyphenol profile, and for evaluating the inhibition of pancreatic a-amylase and of intestinal alpha-glucosidase. Dose-dependent inhibition of both enzymes was evident in all extracts within the same range of bioactives concentration, although with a different efficiency of individual extracts towards each enzyme. Anti-inflammatory response was evaluated by using acid-free extracts and a cellular model based on Caco-2 cells transiently transfected with a luciferase reporter gene responding to cytokine stimulation. The response of interleukin-stimulated cells decreased significantly in a dose-responsive manner in the presence of 20-50 micromol/liter anthocyanins from all grains extracts, again with a different efficiency. By comparing the different inhibitory ability of extracts from the various sources, it appears that the observed effects are in most cases higher than what observed in similar extracts from other sources, and that the activity in each extract may be related to specific synergies between anthocyanins and polyphenols. Therefore, we attempted to incorporate these materials into staple food. Purple pasta was prepared by introducing anthocyanin-rich fractions from purple wheat (PWF1 & PWF2), into soft wheat flour and durum wheat semolina. Bioactive levels were assessed in the different types of pasta after production and after cooking. Acid/ethanol extracts from cooked pasta retained high levels of TAC and TPC, as well as significant anti-oxidant activity, anti-inflammatory properties on cell models, and enzyme inhibitory activities. Thus, in conclusion, it can be stated that foods incorporating a naturally rich source of bioactive compounds. retain beneficial properties for the organism also after cooking.

Characterization of pigmented cereal grains and production of functional food: anthocyanins-enriched pasta / P. Abbasi Parizad ; supervisor: S. Iametti ; coordinator: F. Bonomi, P. Ferranti, H. Frøkiær. - : . DIPARTIMENTO DI SCIENZE AGRARIE E AMBIENTALI - PRODUZIONE, TERRITORIO, AGROENERGIA, 2018 May 11. ((30. ciclo, Anno Accademico 2017. [10.13130/abbasi-parizad-parisa_phd2018-05-11].

Characterization of pigmented cereal grains and production of functional food: anthocyanins-enriched pasta

P. ABBASI PARIZAD
2018

Abstract

This study was aimed at characterizing the anthocyanin profile in different varieties of pigmented corn and wheat and in some of their milling fractions, at assessing the anthocyanins and polyphenol profiles, and at investigating the anti-inflammatory and enzyme-inhibiting activities of these materials. Acid/ethanol extracts were used to assess total anthocyanins, overall antioxidant activity, the overall polyphenol profile, and for evaluating the inhibition of pancreatic a-amylase and of intestinal alpha-glucosidase. Dose-dependent inhibition of both enzymes was evident in all extracts within the same range of bioactives concentration, although with a different efficiency of individual extracts towards each enzyme. Anti-inflammatory response was evaluated by using acid-free extracts and a cellular model based on Caco-2 cells transiently transfected with a luciferase reporter gene responding to cytokine stimulation. The response of interleukin-stimulated cells decreased significantly in a dose-responsive manner in the presence of 20-50 micromol/liter anthocyanins from all grains extracts, again with a different efficiency. By comparing the different inhibitory ability of extracts from the various sources, it appears that the observed effects are in most cases higher than what observed in similar extracts from other sources, and that the activity in each extract may be related to specific synergies between anthocyanins and polyphenols. Therefore, we attempted to incorporate these materials into staple food. Purple pasta was prepared by introducing anthocyanin-rich fractions from purple wheat (PWF1 & PWF2), into soft wheat flour and durum wheat semolina. Bioactive levels were assessed in the different types of pasta after production and after cooking. Acid/ethanol extracts from cooked pasta retained high levels of TAC and TPC, as well as significant anti-oxidant activity, anti-inflammatory properties on cell models, and enzyme inhibitory activities. Thus, in conclusion, it can be stated that foods incorporating a naturally rich source of bioactive compounds. retain beneficial properties for the organism also after cooking.
IAMETTI, STEFANIA
BONOMI, FRANCESCO
Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica
Characterization of pigmented cereal grains and production of functional food: anthocyanins-enriched pasta / P. Abbasi Parizad ; supervisor: S. Iametti ; coordinator: F. Bonomi, P. Ferranti, H. Frøkiær. - : . DIPARTIMENTO DI SCIENZE AGRARIE E AMBIENTALI - PRODUZIONE, TERRITORIO, AGROENERGIA, 2018 May 11. ((30. ciclo, Anno Accademico 2017. [10.13130/abbasi-parizad-parisa_phd2018-05-11].
Doctoral Thesis
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/580868
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