Feline diffuse iris melanoma (FDIM) is the most common primary intraocular neoplasm in cats (Dubielzig, 2017). It is usually a malignant tumor, even if slowly progressive, thus representing an unique spontaneous model of the aggressive, although rare, human iris melanoma (Demirci et al., 2002). In cats, the extent of the tumor within the eye, expressed as histological grade, is considered a good predictor of survival (Kalishman et al., 1998). In the context of the neoplastic cells-tumor microenvironment interaction, Matrix Metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) is an endopeptidase able to digest the extracellular matrix with involvement in tumor invasion (Nagase et al., 2006). MMP-9 expression has been positively correlated with metastasizing behavior in human posterior uveal melanoma (El-Shabrawi et al., 2001). The present study investigates the expression of MMP-9 in a caseload of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded FDIMs in relation to the histological grade (Kalishman et al., 1998) and mitotic index (MI) (threshold=7/10 hpf) (Wiggans et al., 2016). Sixty-one samples of FDIM evaluated on light microscopy (Figure 1) were selected (grade I n=22, grade II n=20, grade III n=19). Immunohistochemical staining with standard ABC method was performed using a mouse anti-MMP-9 antibody (Porcellato et al., 2014). Results were semi-quantitatively scored and compared by Mann-Whitney U test. MMP-9 was expressed in 59,1% grade I FDIM, 90,0% grade II and 80,0% grade III. Tumors with MMP-9 expression in more than 50% of neoplastic cells were 13,6% in grade I cases, 40,0% in grade II and 36,8% in grade III. MMP-9 was expressed in 71,4% of FDIM with MI≤7 and 92,3% of FDIM with MI>7. MMP-9 expression differed significantly between grade I and the other two grades, and between groups with low and high MI. In conclusion, intense expression of MMP-9 seems to correlate with the histological aggressiveness of FDIM.
MMP-9 immunohistochemical expression is correlated with histologic grade in feline diffuse iris melanoma / L. Nordio, V. Stornelli, C. Giudice. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HEALTH, ANIMAL SCIENCE & FOOD SAFETY. - ISSN 2283-3927. - 5:suppl. 1(2018 Jun), pp. 7-8. ((Intervento presentato al convegno Veterinary and Animal Science Days tenutosi a Milano nel 2018.
|Titolo:||MMP-9 immunohistochemical expression is correlated with histologic grade in feline diffuse iris melanoma|
NORDIO, LAURA (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||Feline diffuse iris melanoma; Cat; Immunohistochemistry; MMP9; Tumor-matrix interactions|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/03 - Patologia Generale e Anatomia Patologica Veterinaria|
|Data di pubblicazione:||giu-2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.13130/2283-3927/10000|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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